The Annual Global Retirement Index—now in its 23nd year—ranks the best international retirement destinations. To compile the ranking, InternationalLiving.com editors collated data from its team of experts on the ground in the most popular countries among U.S. and Canadian expat retirees. Editors assessed factors ranging from the price of groceries and average temperature, to utility costs and the friendliness of locals.
The information was then used to score each of the top countries out of 100 in categories such as “Real Estate,” “Climate,” “Special Benefits for Retirees,” “Health Care,” “Retirement Infrastructure,” “Entertainment and Amenities,” “Ease of Integration” and “Cost of Living.”
“This Index is designed to be a useful resource for folks considering a move overseas,” says Jennifer Stevens, executive editor of InternationalLiving.com. “We take great pains to bring more than statistics to the table. Most important, really, is the on-the-ground input and judgment that our editors and regular contributors living in these places around the world bring to the Index. It isn’t meant to be a scientific output. It’s designed to be a real-world snapshot of the places we deem most worth a potential-retiree’s attention today.”
Stevens says readers should use the Index as a guide–a way to begin to narrow down the choices that would best suit them. “It doesn’t tell the whole story, of course. You need to keep in mind what’s most important to you as a potential retiree overseas, and then look for the places on the Index where your priorities seem like they’ll be best met. And then go visit. Try a few places on for size.”
Stevens says it’s easy to get in and out of the Central American country with flights to just about anywhere; it uses the U.S. dollar, which makes finances simple; and you have access to excellent healthcare. “Not only is it a place where you could ‘trade up’ in retirement and live better, for less – but it also offers a big, vibrant city where you can get anything you need; Pacific-coast beaches where you can swim and surf; tropical islands surrounded by turquoise seas where you can dive, snorkel, and sail; and highland communities where the soil is rich so gardens overflow and the weather is much cooler than it is down on the coast.”
Stevens says foreigners also enjoy the same rights to property that locals do. “And, critically important, there are a lot of visa options for people, including the pensionado, or pensioner residence program, which gives residence to anybody with a pension of at least $1,000 a month.” If you don’t qualify, there are plenty of other accessible ways to gain residence, she explains. “Panama is committed to attracting foreign retirees and offers the world’s best incentive program to do so, making it convenient and easy to get residence there.”
In the No. 2 spot is Ecuador, which topped the Index for the past five consecutive years.
Like Panama, the South American country offers great variety in lifestyle options, Stevens says. You have sunny beaches, temperate mountain villages, college towns where there are plenty of cultural offerings, and historic colonial cities. “This country rolls out the red carpet for its seniors, as well—offering benefits like 50% off international airfares and cultural events. Plus, Ecuadorians are welcoming, friendly, and easy-going. It’s a friendly place to launch an adventure in retirement.”
She adds that Ecuador is an “overwhelmingly attractive choice” for retirees overseas today in part because “your dollars really stretch there.” Stevens says you could live comfortably, rent included, for $1,800 a month—and that these values extend to real estate, as well. “A condo right on the coast that might cost you $1 million or more in California would cost you less than $150,000 along Ecuador’s northern Pacific. You can also rent a furnished apartment in the colonial city of Cuenca, for instance – a place right in the heart of things – for $600 or less a month. And it’ll only cost you $2 or $3 to take a taxi across town.”
The No. 3 retirement haven is Malaysia.
In Asia’s top retirement destination, English is widely spoken as the unofficial first language, making it easier for North American retirees to transition. It is also exotic and far away—but “incredibly affordable,” Stevens says. “Talk about a place where you can step up in your lifestyle without blowing your budget! Malaysia is a place where you really can embrace a first world existence for $1,700 a month.”
The country offers a program called “Malaysia My Second Home,” which allows foreigners to stay on a social visa for 10 years, and is renewable. Stevens says if and when you move to Malaysia, a ‘medical tourism’ destination, you can count on excellent care that’ll run you less than half of what you’d pay in the U.S. “Plus, unlike elsewhere in Asia, in Malaysia you can buy property, land, houses and condominiums freehold.”
The most attractive retirement havens aren’t just cheap; they’re welcoming places where you can integrate into the community, she adds. “They’re safe. They’re attractive. They provide the diversions you want, which could be anything from snorkeling to the opera, depending on your interests.”
They also offer opportunities to learn a new language, make new friends and reinvent yourself, she adds. “Maybe you’ll launch a tour business or open a restaurant or write a novel, as many expats we know have. Perhaps you find an opportunity to give back–to volunteer at a school or work with women to create new income opportunities.”
But it’s important to remember there’s no one-size-fits-all destination. You really have to think about your own priorities and what you really want. “The beach? Maybe–but it might be too hot. A small village? Perhaps–but if you have health issues to consider, you may want to be in a bigger community,” Stevens says. “Everybody is different, so be honest with yourself.”
She suggests writing down what you want and where you’re willing to compromise. Ask questions of expats living in the places you’re considering Get informed and go. “You absolutely have to visit. It’s funny how, ultimately, what’s most important is how a place speaks to your heart. It might look ideal on paper but just not turn your crank. Or you may consider an option you don’t think you’ll really like only to discover you fall in love with it once you see it for yourself. On the ground experience is irreplaceable.” And remember: wherever you go, there you are. Crossing a border doesn’t make that any less true. “If you’re a cranky, disgruntled curmudgeon right now, you’re likely to be one overseas as well. As our editors in Ecuador like to put it: ‘Bring your luggage, but leave your baggage at home.’”
Also keep in mind that retiring abroad isn’t for everyone. “The happiest and most successful expats we meet overseas have one thing in common: They brought their sense of adventure with them,” Stevens says. “They went overseas ready to try new things, to be confounded, to be impressed, to be surprised. Living overseas works best when you’re pulled there and not just pushed. If your motivation for going abroad is entirely economic, brace yourself for disappointment.”
And remember that it doesn’t have to be a full-time endeavor. You don’t have to sell everything and upend your life to enjoy an international lifestyle in a good-value haven somewhere exotic in the world, she concludes. “Go for a month, three months, six months. In a good-value destination, you could spend less on the whole of your everyday needs than you would on just heat alone back home.”