Mysterious Aztec Skull Rack Discovered In Mexico City

Posted: Aug 22 2015, 1:45pm CDT | by , in News | Latest Science News


Mysterious Aztec Skull Rack Discovered in Mexico City
From left to right, INAH's emeritus researcher Eduardo Matos Moctezuma, national coordinator of Archaeology Pedro Francisco Sanchez and head of the Urban Archaeology of the Templo Mayor program Raul Barrera (d) during a press conference in Mexico City, Mexico on August 20, 2015. EFE / Jorge Nuñez
  • Aztec skull rack discovered in Historic Center of Mexico City!

The human skulls racks called Huey Tzompantli was found at a dig site.

Archaeologists have found an Aztec skull rack in Mexico. The skull rack was found in a dig site in Mexico City. The dig site was situated in the Historic Center of Mexico City. The human skull rack is called Huey Tzompantli.

The rack is a scaffolding-like structure of rods and poles. The rack was used to publicly display human skulls. According to the archaeologists the skulls could belong to the Aztec enemies. Or their war captives and sacrifice victims. 

Raul Barrera, director of the Urban Archeology Program, explained that "as a result of the excavations at the site of Guatemala No. 24, a section of a platform with a height of 45 cm and at least 13 meters long and 6 meters wide was found."

"It is a wall of volcanic rock with a coating of plaster and flagstone floor, oriented north-south, which presented associated jaws and fragments scattered skulls on the platform and a circular element made of human skulls together with mortar, which preliminarily 35 can be seen, but we believe that should be many more. "

The rack is only partially uncovered. Archaeologists are already claiming the rack could be the largest ever found.  The rack symbolises the deadly rituals that characterized Aztec culture in pre-Hispanic Mexico. Archaeologist Matos Moctezuma the skulls could belong to enemies who were beheaded to show might. 

If the rack found is the real Huey Tzompantli it is likely to be 40 feet in length. The ancient rack also stood over 100 feet tall. The experts on the site are placing its construction date between 1485 and 1502. The platform on which the rack was built was also excavated. Part of the platform was found to be built with mortared cattle skulls.

"The important thing is that we have the accurate location of the Temple of Ehecatl, the Ball Court and in particular Tzompantli cited in historical sources by the conquistadors like Hernan Cortes, Bernal Diaz del Castillo and Andres de Tapia and by monks and writers among which are Bernardino de Sahagun, Francisco López de Gómara, José de Acosta and Hernando Alvarado Tezozomoc, among others, because we are showing the close relationship between these buildings and the Templo Mayor. " 

Researchers have shared the existence of the rack has been mentioned in many ancient texts. The Huey Tzompantli is illustrated in the Codex Duran and Codices Matritenses. They are the historical recordings of the Dominican friar, Diego Duran. The Huey Tzompantli is also referenced in the scientific records of Franciscan Friar Bernardino de Sahagun. 

The wall is made up of volcanic rock with a coating of plaster and flagstone floor. The wall was built with a north-south orientation. 35 of the skulls can currently be seen on the rack. Many more skulls will soon be unearthed. 

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