Research says that air pollution exposure puts women with diabetes at more risk to develop heart disease.
Pollution has been a major issue for all kinds of health related problems. Land, water or air, all kinds of pollution pose a health hazard. Particle pollution in air has been a major threat in a lot of vascular as well as coronary diseases.
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Respiratory issues have increased due to particle pollution. Soot, smoke and carbonite matter from the vehicle and industrial fumes are the examples of dangerous air pollutants. While all of the population faces a hazard from the pollutants, research has recently proved that women inflicted with diabetes face more risk of developing cardiovascular diseases due to exposure to air pollution.
Lead author Jaime E. Hart of Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School in Boston, said that several short term studies have revealed that diabetes inflicted individuals are at higher risk to develop cardiovascular diseases.
The researchers studied 114,537 women in the decades-long Nurses’ Health Study for whom there was data on pollution exposure and health outcomes. Between 1989 and 2006 there were 6,767 cases of cardiovascular disease, 3,878 cases of coronary heart disease and 3,295 strokes in the group.
This risk was greater for women with diabetes. For every additional 10 micrograms of pollution particle exposure, there was a 19 percent increase in the odds of cardiovascular disease and 23 percent increase in the odds of having a stroke.
Pollution was also particularly harmful for women age 70 and older, those who were obese and those living in the Northeast or South. Risks were highest in relation to pollution exposure within the previous 12 months.
While these results cannot be ruled out for men, researchers say that hormonal function is considered as an important determinant in the ratio. Scientists suggest that diabetic patients can prevent contracting heart disease by taking care of their diet, exercise and medical maintenance.
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The study was published on Wednesday, November 25 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.