NASA’s Hubble and Spitzer telescopes have made the sighting of a new galaxy possible. The new galaxy is estimated to have come into existence 400 million years after the Big Bang occurred some 13.8 billion years ago - according to a post on Hubblesite.org. The complete finding is detailed in The Astrophysical Journal.
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Dubbed “Tayna,” meaning “firstborn” in the Aymara language spoken in the Andes and Altiplano parts of South America, scientists believe further study of the faint object would reveal details of how the universe came into existence billions of years ago.
This is the first time this tiny and faint object would be detected, and researchers are of the opinion that it would yield information concerning the formation of the early universe and how earliest galaxies evolved into what they are not today.
Lead author Leopoldo Infante, an astronomer at Pontifical Catholic University of Chile noted that "Thanks to this detection, the team has been able to study for the first time the properties of extremely faint objects formed not long after the big bang."
The size of the new discovery is almost like that of the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) – the tiny galaxy located within the Milky Way. Funny enough, the new object is discovered to be forming new stars at 10 times the rate done by the LMC, and it is believed it might later evolve into a full galaxy.
The new object was hiding behide the MACs J0414.1-2403 or group of galaxies 4 billion light-years away from us. But this massive galaxy cluster creates a magnifying glass effect by improving lights of distant objects located behind it to nearly 20 times its actual size. This situation is known as gravitational lensing – first put forward by Albert Einstein in his General Theory of Relativity.
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Scientists from the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, Maryland and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California believe the upcoming James Webb Space Telescope might be deployed to further investigate this new galaxy when it is eventually launched for use.