A series of data presented at the annual conference of the American Geophysical Union revealed that wine production in the US could be heavily impacted by climate change by 2100, and this could affect top wine-producing regions of western US.
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It had once been predicted that climate change would impact negatively on coffee and then chocolate, now the attention is being drawn to what wine production could suffer in the US. Pinot noir and Cabernet sauvignon are the two most prominent wines produced in western United States, and there are fears that producing these wines might have to be shifted somewhere else – because there won’t be the ideal conditions for growing them again in 80 years from now.
To arrive at assurances for their predictions, the researchers employed the climate change model developed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change to generate data of conditions that should occur in major wine-producing regions of the US; and this model forecasts that climate shifts would swing between 2.6 degrees Celsius and 4.8 degrees Celsius by 2100.
Based on this model, it becomes visible that wine grape varieties grown in Napa and other regions of California might decline considerably, even though British Columbia and northern Washington might experience a rise in cultivating profitable grape varieties. Meanwhile, areas of Europe producing wine could move northward.
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The only consolation is the fact that varieties of grape mature differently and they thrive at various temperatures and altitudes, this means that cultivating wider regions with more varieties could help grape farmers survive the dire predictions already made for the wine industry.