Hubble Telescope Captures A Cluster Of Dazzling Space 'Diamonds'

Posted: Jan 21 2016, 10:54pm CST | by , Updated: Jan 22 2016, 3:05pm CST, in News | Latest Science News


Hubble Telescope Captures a Cluster of Dazzling Space Diamonds
Credit: NASA/ESA

Cluster Trumpler 14 consists of stars that are the most hot, massive and brightest in entire Milky Way. These stars dazzle like diamonds in latest image taken by Hubble Space Telescope.

The Hubble Space Telescope has captured a stunning cluster of stars that dazzle like diamonds.

Individual stars are often overlooked since other celestial objects tend to grab more attention of scientists. When stars join together, they create such breathtaking scenes that can outshine even a glowing nebula or swirling of galaxies.

More than 1,000 star clusters have been discovered in the Milky Way. The cluster featured in the latest Hubble image is called Trumpler 14 and is one of the largest clusters of hot, massive and brightest stars in our galaxy.

Trumpler 14 is located some 8,000 light years away from the earth towards the center of well-known Carina Neubula, a large bright interstellar cloud of dust covering several luminous clusters of stars. It is mere 500 000 years old – a small fraction of Pleiades open star cluster’s age of 115 million years, making it youngest star cluster ever found within Carina Nebula. 

With around 2000 stars, the cluster is also one of the most populous clusters of stars, forming stars at an incredible rate and putting up a stunning display of light.

The spectacular family of young, bright and white-blue stars is rapidly using its vast supplies of hydrogen and has only few million years left before these stars reach the ending stage of their life and explode as supernovae. Despite being young, the cluster is making a huge impact in outer space and is literally making waves.

“As the stars fling out high-speed particles from their surfaces, strong winds surge out into space. These winds collide with the surrounding material, causing shock waves that heat the gas to millions of degrees and trigger intense burst of X-rays. These strong stellar winds also carve out cavities in nearby clouds of gas and dust, and kickstart the formation of new stars.” Hubble Space Telescope Blog writes. 

At the very bottom of this image, a peculiar arc-shaped cloud is visible and scientists suspect that it may also be the result of such a wind flowing. It may be generated by a nearby star called Trumpler 14 MJ 218, that is moving through space at a speed of around 350 000 kilometres per hour and is impacting surrounding clumps of gas and dust as it does so. 

Stars, residing in Trumpler 14, range from less than one tenth to up to several tens of times the total mass of the sun while the most prominent and the brightest star in the cluster is supergiant HD 93129Aa.

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Hira Bashir covers daily affairs around the world.




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