The bright light from young star is reflecting off the dust particles of surrounding clouds and creating a luminous reflection nebula
European Space Observatory (ESO) has captured a stunningly bright newborn star, which is lying some 500 light years away from the Earth and lighting up the surrounding clouds.
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The bright light from newborn star, known as HD 97300, is reflecting off the dust particles of nearby cosmic clouds and forming a reflection nebula called IC 2631.
IC 2631 is the brightest nebula in Chamaeleon Complex. It is a large region of interstellar clouds of dust and gas which is already hosting numerous young stars and will give birth to many more in future. The glowing region appears as swirling blue light in the latest ESO’s image which is taken by MPG/ESO 2.2-metre telescope in La Silla Observatory in Chile.
HD 97300 is one of the youngest, massive and brightest stars in the region. This region of the space is filled with star-making material and the presence of dark nebulae above and below IC 2631 also suggests likewise. Dark nebulae are a type of cosmic cloud that is so dense with dust and gas that it obscures the light from objects behind it.
HD 97300 is a T Tauri star, which is the most luminous stage of specific small stars. These stars start to shrink and lose mass as they reach to maturity. But during T Tauri phase, the stars remain bright like main sequence stars and the stage lasts billions of years.
T Tauri stars have surface temperature similar to those of main sequence stars of same mass. These stars do not start to fuse hydrogen into helium in their core like normal main stars do. As a result of it, they release energy that goes up and down in star’s interior and then radiates into outer space. But still they are starting to generate heat from contraction.
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Source: ESO Blog