What the diet of the astronauts will be on their mission to Mars when it does take place is a question worth asking.
NASA has as one of its goals a Mars landing within the next decade or so. But the legitimate question is what the astronauts will be eating on the way to Mars.
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Our experience on earth reminds us that an army marches on its stomach or so the Napoleonic quote goes. Diet is of the essence if you want to have the energy to explore new worlds.
During the era of voyages of discovery, many sailors fell prey to scurvy due to a deficiency of vitamin C. Then when they started eating lemons and limes, the scurvy automatically vanished.
For one thing, the mission to Mars will be a lengthy period of time alright. It is 225 million kilometers to Mars. That is one heck of a long distance trek. The ticket to Mars and back will be a three year stint.
How will the astronauts fare nutritionally while on this venture to the Red Planet? Nutrition will serve to eradicate the negative effects of space travel such as bone loss, muscle dystrophy, radiation sickness, auto-immune issues and changes in the physical systems of the astronauts.
The best nutritional guidance is available to NASA personnel. Fat was the enemy once upon a time, but now the report does not condemn fat as much as sugar.
Fat has a minimal effect on obesity and cholesterol levels. The real culprits are sugars and starches. Nutrition science is still incomplete and in its infancy.
There is a lot we need to know about nutrients and deficiencies of the body and brain before an ideal diet could be invented for the Mars mission.
What is suitable for space travel is miles apart from what is more or less the norm on earth and this includes diet. The Mars mission will resemble the conditions aboard the ISS.
While nutritional supplements might prove beneficial, the nutrients in supplements may be subject to breakdown aboard the spacecraft headed for Mars.
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Therefore a variety of foods are needed instead of just artificial supplements, according to InsideScience. After all, food is the best supplement. The nutritional supplies that will be needed during the long period of time of the Mars mission will have to be able to withstand the conditions on the trip.