NASA astronaut Scott Kelly came back home to planet earth. But the work for a journey to Mars will go on unimpeded.
NASA astronaut Scott Kelly alongside Russian cosmonaut Mikhail Kornienko began a one year long mission aboard the ISS. Kelly will be the first such astronaut to have completed such a daring and formidable task. It’s been more than a decade and a half since someone embraced such a challenge.
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Only the Russian Sergei Avdeyev completed such a record amount of time in space way back in 1999. The current mission was a continuation of that previous scheme.
Although every space mission has its own value, this one in particular stands out among the rest. The latest state-of-the-art technology was used in this mission.
NASA also collaborated with other agencies to see how the human body fared in the zero gravity conditions of space for a period of a year. Two of these studies are fluid shifts and field tests.
The former is concerned with the changes in the visual systems of the astronauts. As for the latter, it comprises the capacity of the human body to deal with post-landing conditions.
Technology and logistics enter the equation. The focus of the mission was to gather the top scientists of the world and conduct revolutionary studies into the long term effects of space conditions on the human body.
The process was by no means easy. That is because the different countries involved all had their own procedures and pet methods. It required some creativity to bring them all together under one roof.
The good thing which has resulted from this cooperation and collaboration is that future missions such as the one to Mars may become a reality after all.
The three year trip to Mars will require all we have in the way of technology so far. The experiments done aboard the ISS in a single year will go a long way towards providing innovative ideas and methodologies for the Mars mission.
Safeguarding the bodies of the astronauts against the harsh conditions of space is the #1 priority for NASA. Twin studies count among the many experiments in space.
Scott Kelly’s twin brother Mark Kelly was a former astronaut as well. The genomic profile of the two in comparison with the various situations in space is what the twin study was all about.
NASA will continue its outer space experiments long after Scott Kelly’s departure from the ISS. After all, the show must go on.