Scientists have already made it clear that climate change is affecting everything on Earth, from man to insects to fishes and plants – climate change is having a very negative impact on all that is in our world - according to a report in Global Change Biology.
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Researchers from the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry in Jena and other associates from Friedrich Schiller University Jena, with others from Freiberg, Leipzig, Krasnoyarsk in Russia and Gainesville in the US agree that boreal, coniferous forests of the northern hemisphere will feel a touch of changing climate in terms of more deciduous trees.
The international team of researchers was led by Susanne Tautenhahn, formerly a scientist with Max Planck but now a staff at Freidrich Schiller University Jena. Given that climate change is affecting forests, Tautenhahn said rainfall and thunderstorms may become more frequent, “Even the latest rise in temperature is leading to an increased frequency of extreme weather events,” she said.
Funny enough, even the shape of the Earth is being affected by climate change, but scientists are studying this phenomenon in cold temperate zones.
Having found that boreal coniferous forests will continue to witness abundant growths, the climate scientists say this will be witnessed from Canada to the US, and from Scandinavia through Russia to Japan. And today, the forest dynamics of the Siberian dark taiga show the prevailing growth of spruce trees, firs and pine trees – deciduous hardwoods expected to dominate the scene in response to global warming.
“Boreal forests are one of the largest stores of carbon on Earth, and two-thirds of these forests are located in Siberia,” said Tautenhahn.
The scientists also think that forest fires could increase due to global warming, leading emerging changes in the taiga. Since fire serves to regulate growing cycles of forests, destruction of old tree stock will help for the new growth of new plants which will repopulate large surface areas.
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“However, climate change is intensifying the frequency and strength of fires, for instance due to lightning strikes, and the natural regeneration processes are being thrown out of balance,” explained the scientist.