The American Heart Association of the CDC present findings that your job might be putting you at risk of contracting a heart disease
Usually when we explain heart diseases, we give credit to unhealthy diet or smoking or less exercise but no one has ever thought of considering the nature of work of people as a reason for contracting heart disease.
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Well the American Heart Association working under the CDC did and they assessed a wide sample of men and women of different races, all over the age of 45 to assess whether the job that these people in the sample were performing had any effect on them of contracting heart disease.
The answer that they found was, yes. Yes. Your job does affect the outcome of you contracting a heart disease.
The researchers collectively examined the Life’s Simple seven; seven modifiable risk factors which can determine whether a person is at risk of contracting a heart disease or not.
The researchers rated all the participants in the three categories for all the seven modifiable factors. These factors included, blood pressure, cholesterol, fasting glucose level, body mass index (BMI), smoking, physical activity, and diet.
The three categories in which the participants were placed were, "ideal" "intermediate" or "poor." The researchers explained the criteria of being placed in the “ideal” category.
According to them, the workers which had blood pressure readings lower than 120/80 mm Hg, total cholesterol below 200 mg/dL, and/or blood glucose lower than 100 mg/dL while fasting or 140 without fasting without the use of any medication, were non-smokers, had a BMI in the normal weight range, and engaged in intense, break-a-sweat activity four or more times a week were given high marks. The sample had 88 percent of non-smokers and 78 percent of the participants had healthy blood sugar levels.
The overall health is based on the seven factors collectively and 41 percent of workers did not meet "ideal cardiovascular health" when it came to other measures, including cholesterol, blood pressure, and certain lifestyle factors.
The researchers were able to break down their sample profession wise to indicate what professions were more prone to heart disease and which were not.
The results of the research indicated that the workers in the transportation and moving business were at a high risk of heart disease. The key finding to support this revelation was that 22 percent of these workers smoked.
Sales, office and administrative support employees were also at danger of contracting heart diseases due to poor dietary habits while 69 percent of sales employees had high cholesterol rates while 82 percent office and administrative support workers did not have ideal scores for physical activity.
Talking about poor diet quality, 79 percent of food preparation and serving employees were also indicated to have poor diet quality which put them at risk of having heart diseases.
Our protectors, the protective services including police, firefighters and security guards were also found at high risk as 90 percent of them were likely to be overweight or obese, 77 percent did not have ideal total cholesterol levels, and 35 percent had high blood pressure.
The most successful and safe lot came out to be the Management and professional workers. These workers had overall better cardiovascular health than people in other job categories.
One-third had ideal body mass, 75 percent were moderately active, and only six percent smoked. Even then many had sub-par eating habits; 72 percent of white-collar business and finance professionals had poor eating habits.
Going into the specifics of the findings, the researchers indicated that management workers and doctors and engineers had time and awareness for fitness which was why they engaged in physical activity and ate healthy.
Meanwhile most blue collar workers and lower level employees barely notice what they consume and hardly have time to exercise and they have limited resources to spend on their diet and fitness.
Furthermore, workers with less social support, low quality of work life, less autonomy and job control and unusual working hours like the night shift were also at risk of contracting heart disease due to stress.
The researchers recommended that the workers should be educated about the crucial “Life’s Simple 7” and how to monitor them. They said that the step by step approach should be adopted to help the workers.
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The study was presented at the American Heart Association's Epidemiology/Lifestyle 2016 meeting, in Phoenix, Arizona, this week.