According to researchers, the body fat and fitness level of a person is much more important than their BMI ratio.
BMI or Body Mass Index has been the measure of fitness for a long time. Many recruitment tests are based on a person's BMI as the fitness predictor. BMI is the ratio of height to weight mass and it is considered normal at a significant range.
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Going above the range qualifies the person as overweight and obese and under the range qualifies you as underweight. For years, BMI has been the goal for fitness.
However, in some recent studies, investigators are claiming that BMI is not the most appropriate measure for determining the health of a body.
According to the research, body fat and the fitness level of a person is a more accurate measure to determine their quality of health.
In study one which was published on Monday, researchers tested over 1.5 million Swedish military recruits, and found that men with poor physical fitness at age 18 were three times more prone to develop Type 2 diabetes in midlife than were those who had been highly fit on the cusp of adulthood.
They found that men who were active despite their BMI were not likely to develop cardiovascular diseases or Diabetes II. The results were found to be free of the effect of BMI, family history or socioeconomic status.
In another study, 55,000 Canadian adults, middle-aged and older people with low BMIs and those who carried a high percentage of body fat were tested.
It was found that people with high body fat rate were most likely to die during a follow-up period of roughly seven years. Only about 5,000 of the participants in the Canadian study were women. These researchers were presented on March 8th in Annals of Internal Medicine.
According to the investigators of these researches, people who are physically fit despite a higher BMI are less likely to contract disease and die.
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Similarly, people with high body fat rate despite being low on the BMI range were also more likely to get diseases and die. So researchers and physicians from all over the world will now engage in the authentication of the phenomenon as predicted in these studies.