A record amount of carbon dioxide was released in the surroundings of the volcano, Mauna Loa.
The atmospheric carbon dioxide levels around Mauna Loa Observatory were the highest throughout 2015. They increased by 3.05 parts per million in the previous year. That is the greatest the concentration of carbon dioxide has been since the past 56 years.
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“Carbon dioxide levels are increasing faster than they have in hundreds of thousands of years,” said Pieter Tans, lead scientist of NOAA's Global Greenhouse Gas Reference Network. “It’s explosive compared to natural processes.”
2015 was the fourth year that the CO2 levels increased by 2 ppm. The levels of the gas have increased more than they ever did during eons of planetary evolution.
The evolutionary has become revolutionary as an explosive increase in carbon dioxide has rendered the atmosphere a polluted one. The levels of CO2 were measured independently by two agencies. In the previous month, the CO2 levels stood at 402.59 ppm.
Before the 18th century though it was only 280 ppm. Between 17000 and 11000 years ago, the carbon dioxide levels rose by 80 ppm. Nowadays, this process is 200 times more pronounced.
Part of the reason behind this increase in carbon dioxide levels is the El Nino weather phenomenon. Forests, plants and other earth systems are currently behaving in erratic ways due to rainfall patterns and conditions of drought.
In the year 1998, El Nino was wreaking havoc on a large scale. Last but not least, fossil fuel emissions are also playing their role in the increase of CO2 levels in the atmosphere.
Carbon dioxide is one of the major greenhouse gases. While El Nino has a limited impact, emissions from human activities are much more potent in the dent they cause in the environment.
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Mankind owes it to himself and to the environment to curb the emissions from fossil fuels. This has become a necessity and it not just a whim upon which humanity must act.