Mediterranean Diet Lowers The Risk Of Bone Fracture, Says Study

Posted: Mar 29 2016, 10:44am CDT | by , Updated: Mar 29 2016, 7:39pm CDT, in News | Latest Science News


Mediterranean Diet Lowers the Risk of Bone Fracture, Says Study
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Older women who adhere closest to the Mediterranean style diet are less likely to suffer a hip fracture compared to those who do not.

Mediterranean diet is well known for its health benefits since it includes fruits, vegetables, whole grain, fish and nuts. Now, new research has found that this food is beneficial for bones too.

Older women who follow the Mediterranean diet have lower risk of hip fractures, according to a study. Researchers analyzed data from more than 90,000 women who participated in Women’s Health Initiative Study. The average age of the participants was 64 and all were asked to fill up a survey regarding their diet. Then, researchers compared their dietary patterns to four common healthy diets: Mediterranean style diet, Healthy Eating Index, Alternative Healthy Eating Index and Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet.

Participants were followed for more than 16 years. They purpose was to access the impact of diet patterns on the bone health of postmenopausal women.

Researchers found that a total of 28, 718 participants suffered fractures over the 16-year period including 2,121 hip fractures.

Women who stuck to the Mediterranean style diet were 0.29% less likely to suffer hip fracture compared to those who did not adopted the diet.

“Our results provide assurance that widely recommended eating patterns do not increase the risk of fractures," said lead author Dr. Bernhard Haring of the University of Wurzburg in Germany. "This being said, the average woman should follow a healthy lifestyle which includes adopting a healthy dietary pattern and being physically active.”

The results are surprising to some extent. Since the Mediterranean diet does not emphasize a lot of diary food, which is a rich source of calcium and vitamin D. Still it is helping women to reduce the rate of hip fractures. 

“There is strong evidence that an overall healthy dietary pattern and specifically a Mediterranean-type diet, provides important health benefits,” Haring told Live Science. “It was important to show that a Mediterranean diet as well as other dietary patterns do not increase the rate of hip fractures.”

Hip fracture is a major problem in aging people. Once a person suffers a broken hip, it’s highly likely that he/she may not be able to move on their own and become dependent on others for the rest of their lives. In United States, at least 250,000 people are hospitalized for hip fractures every year and most of them are older women.

“At the present time, the U.S. health system almost entirely ignores nutrition in favor of pharmacology and is hugely inexpensive and ineffective compared with the systems in other countries,” said Dr. Walter Willett of Harvard School of Public Health, who was not involved in the study. “Integration of the Mediterranean diet and related dietary patterns into medical practice, hospitals, schools and other institutions has the potential to improve well-being.”

The study was published in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Hira Bashir covers daily affairs around the world.




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