The Kew Report included quite a few new botanical species among the long list of the world’s plants.
Almost 390,000 plants have been in the database of the world’s greenery. At least that is what science and scientists say. This novel tally was made by the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew.
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It happens to be the very first assessment of the total number of botanical species on the face of the globe. In the previous year alone some 2034 new species were included in the list.
Nevertheless, some 21% of these chrolophyll-filled species are at the risk of going extinct. This is due to many reasons. Chief among them are global warming, loss of habitat, harmful vectors and alien species that invade the home turf of the plants.
It is the duty of mankind to find out how many species of flora exist in the world. Also finding out the exact location of these flora is mandatory. The ecosystem and its food webs is something else about which we have to be very cognizant. Plants are a necessity for the survival of both humans beings and animals.
Plants not only provide food, they are a source of fuel and have many medicinal properties. These green harmless species often serve to control and regulate the climate to boot.
The experts came up with the total tally of plants after much research on the matter. The problem was that many of the plants the experts studied had been given different names by different cultures of the globe.
Thus nominal confusion reigned supreme regarding these flora. All in all, the total number of plants included within their repertoire: algae, mosses, liverworts and hornworts. A large percentage of the plants were of the flowering kind.
Yet this is merely the tip of the iceberg. There are still many plant species just waiting to be discovered. Scientists keep stumbling on new species time after time.
Among the discoveries of 2015 was a tree that grows to a great height and is to be found in Gabon. Over 90 novel species of Begonia were discovered as well.
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The Kew Report also looked into the diseases and issues faced by the plants. Especially the problems caused by invasive species has the scientists in a flummox. The earth loses many of its plant species each year thanks to this scheme of things.