The latest evidence is just in and it says that different types of breast cancer may have many genetic mutations behind them.
The 10 odd breast cancers that are existent in the world may have up to 40 mutated genes responsible for them. Important and novel information regarding these genes and the rates of survival has emerged.
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After analyzing samples of tumors, the experts found out that what is called breast cancer is actually a series of diseases. It is not a single entity. There may in fact be 10 different kinds of breast cancers.
The underlying genetic substrates of these cancers were also studied in depth by the researchers. They eventually found 40 genes that are responsible for the 10 odd breast cancers.
While in the past only a small percentage of these genetic mutations were thought to be the causing agents of breast cancer, now we know better. This time around we have what is called a genomic sequence map for breast cancer.
This is extant in a similar manner to the previous Human Genome Project. Various genetic faultlines cause the breast cancers. The evolution and expression of these breast cancers were also dependent on these genes.
Further trials and studies will be carried out in the future. They will lend an insight into the tribulations faced by breast cancer patients. Liquid biopsies could be the order of the day in the times to come.
These liquid biopsies involve the blood that is released by dying cancer cells. One of the genes responsible for breast cancer was termed PIK3CA.
It came in handy for some women while for others it didn’t work at all. New drugs and medicinal agents will be made in the labs in future times to help women with breast cancer.
Time is of the essence here. The research efforts are underway and they will hopefully bear fruit. This METABRIC study involved 2000 patients. Cancer is a complicated tangle of diseases that are normally caused by carcinogens in the environment.
The scientists are at it trying to eradicate cancer from the face of the earth. The prognosis for breast cancer is what is being studied. Why some types of cancer are hard to treat remains a stumbling block for the researchers.
The project is a valuable and timeless resource for the scientists of the global village. Research of this kind will immensely help our progeny come up with cures for cancer which is a scourge and a curse in today’s world.
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The findings of this research appear in the journal Nature.