SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry reveals the elusive list of new species for 2016.
Hundreds of new species are discovered every year and the last year was no exception. There were approximately 18,000 newfound species that were enlisted over the previous 12 months, but these are the species that made their way to SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry To 10 list of New Species 2016.
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Giant tortoise (Chelonoidis donfaustoi)
Location: Galapagos, Ecuador
Giant tortoise living on the eastern side of Santa Cruz Island were long confused with tortoise living on the western side of the island but genetic analysis last year revealed that the eastern tortoise are in fact a separate species and these giant tortoise are virtually on the verge of extinction because only 250 individuals are left in Galapagos.
Giant Sundew (Drosera magnifica)
The giant sundew plant is unique in two ways. First, it’s the largest such plant ever seen in America which can grow up to 48 inches. Secondly, it is believed to be the first new species of plant discovered through Facebook pictures. The plant use thick mucus on the surface of its leaves to trap and swallow insects and to fill up its nutritious deficiency. The newfound sundew plant is critically endangered as it is known to exist only at the summit of a single mountain in Brazil.
Hominin (Homo naledi)
Location: South Africa
Hominin is the latest addition in the family tree of humans whose fossil remains was discovered in South Africa. Hominin shares its physical features with both modern day humans and those of early ancestors. For instance, its brain size is similar to early humans while its feet and hands look similar to us. The fossil remains are important since they help paint a clearer picture of human evolution.
Isopod (Iuiuniscus iuiuensis)
The blind, white-colored, multilegged is a new species of isopod that has a unique ability to construct shelters of mud. This is a behavior never seen in the family of isopod before. The tiny creature is just a third of an inch in length and was discovered in a single Brazilian cave despite being searched in eight more caves in the region.
Anglerfish (Lasiognathus dinema)
Location: Gulf of Mexico
This fish can be tagged as the ugliest animal on the list. Anglerfish is about two inches long and is found in the waters of Gulf of Mexico. The thing which sets this fish apart from the rest of anglerfish species is its three appendages that are extending out of its esca or the top of its head.
Seadragon (Phyllopteryx dewysea)
This seadragon has a strikingly red color with pink vertical bars. The 10 inch long fish was discovered off the coast of Western Australia in slightly deeper waters than other seadragon species. The beautiful ruby red seadragon reflects how diverse our marine species are.
Tiny beetle (Phytotelmatrichis osopaddington)
The tiny beetle is named Phytotelmatrichis osopaddington after a classic children book character Paddington Bear. These beetles are endemic to Peru and their homes are found in the pools of water created in hollow plants such as tree holes and open spiny leaves. The beetles are so tiny that you have to line up 25 of them to reach one inch mark on a yardstick.
New primate (Pliobates cataloniae)
The little ape was discovered in a Spanish landfall and due to its small head it resembled more with a gibbon rather than an ape. The ape has been given the name “Laia” by her discoverers. The specimen was measured up to 17 inches tall and its weight was up to 11 pounds, providing more insight into the common ancestors of humans and primates.
Flowering tree (Sirdavidia solannona)
The unique flowering tree was located alongside the main road of Monts de Cristal National Park, in Gabon but it initially went unnoticed. The reason probably is its height which is just 20 feet with a diameter of four inches. The plant is so different that it is not only categorized as a new species but an entirely new genus too.
Sparklewing (Umma gumma)
Sparklewing is among dozens of damselflies and dragonfly species discovered in recent years. The newfound species has a distinctively beautiful color and pattern, making it look so beautiful and different from the rest of species.