The experts are looking into how diseases hitch-hike from animals to humans. They are currently predicting the rise of Ebola and Zika Virus via climate and demographic changes.
Scientists have predicted the onset of diseases in humans that were originally found in animals through studying climate changes and demography. It is an interesting field.
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The study has contributed a ton of data on the matter. Such information could be of vital importance to the government in pinpointing why, when, how and where these zoonotic diseases start in the first place.
Governmental policies will be more focused and specific thanks to these studies. The changeover of grasslands into swathes meant for agricultural produce are one such step that might invite zoonotic diseases.
The governments of the future will be more careful regarding their policies since it is an interconnected world we are living in. Disease epidemics and pandemics will require appropriate steps to counter the loss of human lives as a result.
Global changes are responsible for many of the new diseases that get generated in the process. From 60% to 75% of the diseases out there are zoonotic in their scope.
Animal diseases manage to hitch-hike into human territory by a number of means. Bats for example are famous for transferring diseases into humans. They carry a number of viruses which are deleterious to human health.
The Ebola and Zika Viruses started in animals and later on spread to human beings. Also such ailments as the Rift Valley Fever and Lassa Fever are said to afflict many and they are set to change with the environmental shifts in temperature and weather patterns.
The study included 408 Lassa Fever outbreaks in West Africa. They lasted from 1967 to 2012. Land usage, crop farming, hot and cold weather conditions and precipitation not to mention behavior and access to medical facilities count among the various factors responsible for the outbreak, according to Reuters.
The species of rat that spread the Lassa Fever was also studied in depth. Its location and ecology were investigated on an extensive level. The watchword in the whole equation was change.
Change causes stress levels to go sky high in humans and it also leads to an outbreak of different vectors and pathogens in the part-natural and part-manmade environment.
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The risks of viruses spilling over from animal species into humans remains high. Since both humans and animals are caught in the same web on earth, there is bound to be some mutual spreading of disease through proximity.