It is being said that human intervention has immensely harmed the Amazon rainforest. Not only has the biodiversity suffered but the area is prone to occasional fires too.
The conservation of the rain-forest in Brazil is something which has become a standard byword. Yet the fact of the matter is that the variety of life forms in the thick jungle of canopy trees is at risk from human interventionism. Especially, its flammability is wreaking havoc time and again with the beauty and pristine nature of the flora and fauna in the region.
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As fragmentation and logging occur apace, the wildfires rage intermittently, thereby causing a great deal of damage. Under normal circumstances, rain-forests do not get caught up in the flames. However, where man is interfering in Nature’s ways, there is bound to be trouble.
"Rainforests don't normally burn," lead researcher Prof Jos Barlow, from the Lancaster Environment Centre, told BBC. "But human activities are making them much more flammable."
So the flammability of the rain-forests is another matter that has come to the fore. Four years ago, a law was implemented that made ranch heads, soy farmers and producers of other goods follow certain guidelines.
This law required farmhands to keep a majority of the forest cover on village land in the Amazon. The rest was distributed between the countryside and the central savanna.
However, an investigation into the matter revealed that in the Para region, the localities with the greatest amount of protection were still losing a large portion of their conservation value.
This area has seen the loss of 92,000 square kilometers of forest. It is a land mass bigger than Austria. The threat to the environment and habitat is very real. Many of the forests that exist today are left in pieces.
They are pale ghosts in comparison to the lush green and luxuriant rain forests of yore. While the Brazilian government’s efforts have not entirely been in vain, the human impact has weakened them considerably.
Selective logging has caused patches of canopy trees to be exposed to the elements. The verdant areas below undergo dehydration till they become ready to catch fire anytime.
Climate change meanwhile also tends to fan the flames when a fire starts in the region. The impact on several animal species was devastating too.
Especially, the bright colorful birds were having a hard time living with such man-made disturbances. Prompt decisions must be made to protect the rainforest.
Besides stopping deforestation in its tracks, the conservation of rare species of plants and animals is an indispensable step on the road to recovery.
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The findings of this research are published in the journal Nature.