Researchers have found that too much or too little sleep leads to male diabetes. Either extreme insomnia or hypersomnia causes the disease in men.
Those men who sleep longer or skimp on some shuteye may be at risk of contracting diabetes in the future. The study was published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.
Over 29 million people across the United States of America have diabetes, according to the Endocrine Society's Endocrine Facts and Figures Report.
During the past half a century or so, the average number of hours slept by men has decreased by 1.5 to 2 hours. This fact goes hand in hand with the epidemic of diabetes which spread by leaps and bounds during this period.
The incidence of diabetes more than doubled during this time span. Over 800 healthy males were examined. They showed a connection between glucose regulation and their individual sleep schedules.
Those men who slept too much or too little tended to have less of a reaction to insulin in their physiologies. Glucose uptake was blunted and thus the risk of contracting diabetes increased significantly. However, females seemed to be immune to any such link between sleep quality and diabetes.
Healthy and mature people ranging in age from 30 to 60 were put under observation by the researchers. Over 19 study hubs spread over 14 European nations were involved in the investigation.
Sleep patterns and physical exertion levels were noted down carefully using an accelerometer. This gadget gauges the movements that take place during the day.
A special device was also employed to measure the use of insulin by the body. This is crucial for blood sugar regulation. Those males who slept for seven hours tended to have optimal health.
Compare this to men who overslept or underslept and you see the first unmistakable signs of diabetes showing up in these individuals.
It seems that either extreme is harmful in the long run. The golden mean is the ideal and everything looks good in moderation. Women on the contrary seemed to show a heightened response to insulin if they slept too much or too little.
The average female of the species who slept normally didn’t fare too well in this department which is a sort of paradox when you look at it. Their beta cells were fully functional too. Thus the ladies are not at as great a risk as the gentlemen.
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These opposite trends in males and females may have been partly due to the nature of the study. Only healthy individuals were picked for examination. Yet the lesson to take home from all this is that sleep quality is essential to well-being.