Hubble has been studying distant and faint galaxies which have never been observed by any telescope before.
This is one of the deepest views of the universe taken by a telescope.
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NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope is exploring new frontiers and observing distant galaxies within galaxy clusters as a part of Frontier Fields program. The program is designed to push the very limits of Hubble Space Telescope to find how deep it can see out into the space.
Hubble has been studying six far off galaxy clusters under this project and galaxy cluster Abell S1063 is one of them. The galaxy cluster Abell S1063 potentially harbors a number of undetected galaxies.
The powerful eye of Hubble has already made it possible for humans to view the universe as it was within 400 million years of the Big Bang – the earliest objects in the cosmos. And now with Frontier Fields project it is extending its reach even further into the regions of universe where no other telescope has ever looked before.
Hubble has been capturing the unprecedented deep-field images of the galaxy cluster with the help of giant cosmic lenses, a phenomenon known as gravitational lensing. It occurs when cluster bends and magnifies the light from the galaxies behind it. This gravitational lensing has enabled Hubble to see fainter and distant galaxies that would otherwise not possible to detect.
In the latest image of Abell S1063, Hubble has detected a galaxy likely formed just billions of years after the Big Bang while sixteen background galaxies have also been identified whose light has been distorted by the cluster. The images of this distorted light can help researchers understand the mysterious nature of dark matter.
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All of the observations under the program will be made publicly available, which will allow everyone interested in astronomical objects to delve deeply into the new treasure trove of scientific data.