Top Science Stories This Week: Hundreds Of New Galaxies And More Than 100 Exoplanets Discovered

Posted: Jul 24 2016, 8:29am CDT | by , Updated: Jul 24 2016, 8:47am CDT, in News | Latest Science News


Top Science Stories This Week: Hundreds of New Galaxies and More than 100 Exoplanets Discovered
Credit: MeerKAT

Hundreds of New Galaxies Detected in the First Image from Super Telescope

South Africa’s super telescope MeerKAT has recently started its function and has taken images of the sky for the first time. With its immaculate technology, the radio telescope has revealed more than 1300 galaxies in a tiny corner of the universe where only 70 had been detected before.This makes it MeerKAT already the best telescope in Southern Hemisphere.

At present only 16 of telescope’s 64 dishes have been scanning skies. When the telescope will become fully operational and the rest of dishes will incorporated into it which is scheduled to be next year, it will become one of the world’s leading telescopes of its kind and remain at this position until the completion of Square Kilometer Array (SKA) in 2024.

Kepler Discovers More Than 100 New Planets

Kepler spacecraft has recently explored a huge collection of new planets. The observations have been confirmed ground-based telescopes the W. M. Keck Observatory on Maunakea and the twin Gemini telescopes on Mauna kea and in Chile. Among the 104 discovered planets is a planetary system containing four potentially Earth-like planets.

This is not the first time when Kepler has discovered exoplanets in massive numbers, in fact, most of such discoverers in past few years have been made possible through this spacecraft. According to stats, more than 5,000 planet candidates have been found to date, more than 3,000 have been verified while 2325 of those were discovered by Kepler.

Giant Asteroid has Created Imbrium Basin on Moon

Around 3.8 billion years ago, a150 miles asteroid slammed into the Moon and created Imbrium Basin – the right eye of ‘Man in the Moon.’

Imbrium Basin is dark patch visible in the northwestern side of the Moon’s face and measures about 750 miles across.  Previously it was thought that the asteroid that struck the Moon millions of years ago was just 50 miles wide but new research suggests that the object was two times larger in diameter and 10 times more massive than previous estimates. Research further suggests that asteroid traveled from the northeast to southeast and collided with the moon at an oblique angle rather than straight on.

World’s Most Sensitive Detector Finds No Dark Matter

Scientists who have been looking for dark matter for a while could not find any such thing.  Dark matter is said to make up 25 percent of universe but this matter has not been directly observed. Using observations from Large Underground Xenon dark matter experiment, or LUX, researchers once again failed to find anything extraordinary.

The search for dark matter was started back in 2014 a mile beneath a former gold mine in Lead, South Dakota and its mission was to detect so-called weakly interactive massive particles, or WIMPS, that some physicists think comprise the mysterious dark matter but even after three years of research the matter has not been detected and still remains a mystery.

X-Shaped Structure Found in the Central Bulge of Milky Way

A research effort driven by Twitter led scientists to confirm that our galaxy Milky Way has an X-shaped structure on its central bulge. The X-shaped structure made up of stars has been detected before but its existence was not confirmed due to lack of evidence.

Now, a pair of researchers has reanalyzed the data from NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) mission and found an X structure within a specific rectangular or bar shaped feature inside the Milky Way.

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Hira Bashir covers daily affairs around the world.




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