A series of DNA tests showed Australian Aboriginal civilization to be the oldest in the world.
The fact that indigenous Australian civilization is the oldest on the face of the globe is now being corroborated by DNA evidence. The Australian Aboroginal community is probably more than 50,000 years old in its origins.
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Scientists searched through the clues found regarding ancient human beings. The DNA of their modern counterparts in Papua New Guinea and Australia was a big help in it all.
These were most probably the most ancient of humans and they crossed the ocean to reach Australia. They even had common links with a radically different hominin cousin the exact nature of which remains unknown.
This narrative has been missing in science since a long time. The precarious journey undertaken by these early humans was a one of a kind voyage that landed them in Australia.
The study was published in the journal Nature. It showed how the first humans migrated out of Africa and reached Australia after crossing an entire ocean.
83 Australian Aborigines and 25 Papuans were studied. About 50,000 years ago, an entire stock of human beings ventured to Australia and they have been there in relative isolation since the past 4000 years.
This group is probably the most ancient sample of human beings to constitute a civilization in the proper sense of the word. An unknown hominin species probably contributed about 4% to the genes of the Australian Aborigines.
Scientists have also discovered that prehistoric miscegenation may have led to all non-African humans to carry 1%-6% of the genes found in Neanderthals. The genome record contains evidence in the form of traces of every human ancestor that modern human beings possess.
Bushmen and Pygmies appear to have split from the stock earlier than usual. Thus cultural change did not necessarily have any biological mutation behind it.
There was no magical transformation that resulted in advanced culture with all its concomitant arts, traditions, tools and rituals. The Aboriginal population has been a part of the heritage of Australia for the past tens of thousands of years.
They have left their signs and signatures across the Australian landscape and mindscape. As far as their civilization is concerned, it is the oldest, as has been confirmed recently.