Astronomers find new dwarf planet called "2014 UZ224" in our solar system.
A new addition has been made to the solar system’s inhabiting rocks (so to say). A novel dwarf planet beyond Pluto has been found by astronomers. Called 2014 UZ224, it has such dimensions that it is 330 miles across and is located 8.5 billion miles away from the sun.
When you compare it with Pluto’s largest moon, Charon, you get a pretty good idea of its nature. Charon is 750 miles across and is situated 4.5 billion miles away from our sun.
A single year on 2014 UZ224 is equal to 1100 earth years. A single Pluto year compared with this is just 248 earth years. The discovery of this dwarf planet was confirmed recently.
According to NPR, this planet was spotted in the night sky using a Dark Energy Camera (DECam). The universe is expanding. Dark energy is what supports that expansion.
A team of Michigan scientists, lead by David Gerdes, a physics professor at the University of Michigan, discovered this new new dwarf planet in our solar system.
A project to use the DECam to explore the farthest corners of the known universe was set up. It will yield a ton of data regarding inaccessible pockets of the universe where such planets like 2014 UZ224 exist in the future as well.
Dark matter will also get studied via this methodology. Dark matter constitutes 80% of the universe yet its exact nature remains an enigma. Pics are taken by the DECam of parts of the sky each week. This is the action that made this current discovery a possibility.
Since stellar and galactic sources appear together, various objects in space may change position over the course of time ranging from a week to several months.
It all depends on the perspective taken and the duration that has elapsed between observations. Unidentified objects in the solar system began to be searched for in earnest a few years ago.
Even now the proper orbital pathways taken by 2014 UZ224 remain a mystery. A lot more needs to be known about this dwarf planet. 2014 UZ224 happens to be the third most distant object in the solar system.
Already, Ceres holds the title of a dwarf planet. Ceres is 590 miles across. While there are four other dwarf planets in the solar system, astronomers suspect that there might be hundreds of them hidden from view. The possibility of a ninth planet in the solar system remains something which could be so yet seems unlikely.