Global Temperatures Rise Sharply In 2016, Says Met Office Report

Posted: Sep 14 2015, 6:00am CDT | by , Updated: Sep 14 2015, 8:05pm CDT, in News | Latest Science News

 
Global Temperatures Rise Sharply in 2016, Says Met Office Report
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Globally 2014, 2015 and 2016 will be among the hottest years ever record, experts believe.

The year 2015 was hot, but the next year is expected to be even hotter, a new report by UK Met Office suggests.

“We look back on this period as an important turning point,” said Professor Adam Scaife, who was involved in the report, said. “That is why we’re emphasizing it, because there are so many big changes happening at once. This year and next year are likely to be at or near record levels of warming.”

Researchers have observed a radical shift in climate patterns. They combined climate patterns in the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans with global temperature last year and projected that the pause in global warming is coming to an end. The rate of global warming has slowed down over the past 17 years, but changes in climate indicates that global temperatures will accelerate fast in the coming years.

“All of these signals are consistent with what we expect to see at the end of the slowdown.” Scaife said.

Many things effect climate. Some take place without the influence of human beings while others are caused by human activities like greenhouse gas omissions. These things are contributing to the accumulation of more heat in the earth’s atmosphere.

“A lot of things can occur without the influence of human beings,” said Scaife. “However, they are now occurring on top of the influence coming from man’s activity. So, when the El Nino comes and raises the global temperature, that is the icing on the cake, that is the extra bit that creates a record.”

An El Nino warms the surface of waters of Western coast of South America and results in dry conditions in many parts of the world including Australia, Sub-Saharan Africa and Central America.

“If greenhouse gas driven warming continues unabated the long-term effects on global and regional climate will dwarf those from short-term fluctuations like El Nino.” He said.

Rowan Shutton of National Centre for Atmospheric Science, sums up the Met Office report in this manner. “It looks likely that globally 2014, 2015 and 2016 will be among the warmest years ever recorded. This isn’t a fluke. El Nino is an important factor, but this comes on the top of the longer-term warming caused by human activities.”

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