Premature Births May Cause Neurological Weakness

Posted: Oct 20 2015, 7:07am CDT | by , Updated: Oct 20 2015, 9:58pm CDT, in News | Latest Science News

 
Premature Births May Cause Neurological Weakness
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  • Early Births may cause Brain Weakness

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It has been found by scientists that early births may cause neurological weakness in the specific infants.

Prematurely born babies may have a greater risk of neurotic symptoms and psychiatric issues later on in life. At least that is what the latest evidence that just came in from the experts says.

The reason is weak links between the electrochemical systems of the brain in these infants. Problems with attention span, speech and the regulation of emotive responses remain till the end among such infants.

The differences between brain scans of premature babies and normal babies is clear as the light of day. The basic factor that determines the separation is the state of the brains of both.

Since the brain is pretty much a plastic entity early on in life, it can be molded as per experiences whether they are adverse or optimal. And so the changes wrought by the birth trauma among these unfortunate infants leads to complications in their lives later on.

What a pity that interventions can only be made after the damage has been done. Maybe the long list of partially successful therapies that can be applied early on may help matters but it is a moot point. New avenues need to be explored on this front.

“The brain is particularly ‘plastic’ very early in life and potentially could be modified by early intervention,” said principal investigator Cynthia Rogers​, MD, assistant professor of child psychiatry at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.

“We usually can’t begin interventions until after symptoms develop, but what we’re trying to do is develop objective measures of brain development in preemies that can indicate whether a child is likely to have later problems so that we can intervene with extra support and therapy early on to try to improve outcomes.”

The latest findings were published as well as presented on Oct. 19 at a conference regarding the matter. The conference was Neuroscience 2015, the annual scientific meeting of the Society for Neuroscience.

Due to the fact that one in nine infants born in the USA is premature, the risks of ADHD, autism and anxiety disorders only increases with the passage of time in these infants.

MRI techniques were used to study the brains of infants that were born prematurely. Some of the brain’s regions responsible for key functions in humans were undeveloped in the infants that had been born a bit too early.

The hypothesis is that due to these early deficiencies, later on certain bad situations arise. The issues and concerns that emerge with the passage of time have a lot to do with the interaction of genes and environment.

A closer look at the premature babies when they are 9 or 10 years of age will reveal a whole lot more regarding this theory of lack of complete brain circuits. Until then this is just a theory and theories cannot be proven with 100% accuracy.

There are many who are given such a rich environment that they overcome their lack of certain neurotransmitters. And then there are those who just do not make it in the stressful world of today despite all the efforts made by their guardians.

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