Sponge-Filled Syringe Could Be A Lifesaver For Gunshot Victims

Posted: Dec 9 2015, 9:06pm CST | by , Updated: Dec 10 2015, 9:32pm CST, in News | Latest Science News

 
Sponge-Filled Syringe Could be a Lifesaver for Gunshot Victims
Credit:RevMedX

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The syringe is filled with tiny sponges and can plug gunshot wounds in just 20 seconds.

A sponge-filled syringe can become a lifesaver for gunshot victims countrywide.

The unique syringe, called XSTAT 30, contains tiny sponges that can plug a gunshot wound in as little as 20 seconds and could help restrain domestic gunshot fatalities that has been increased tremendously over the years.

The injection XSTAT 30 was formally limited to military use but now FDA has approved it for treating civilian gunshot victims as well.

“When a product is developed for use in the battlefield, it is generally intended to work in a worst-case scenario where advanced care might not be immediately available,” said William Maisel, director of Device Evaluation in the FDA’s Center for Devices and Radiological Health. “It is exciting to see this technology transition to help civilian first responders control some severe, life-threatening bleeding while on the trauma scene.”

While treating a gunshot victim, the biggest challenge appears to be how to stop bleeding. According to FDA, 40 percent of civilians die from a traumatic injury because of hemorrhage or escape of blood from vessels. Of those deaths, 33 to 56 percent occur before patient reaches the hospital.

XSTAT 30 is designed to stop blood flow from an open wound. The tiny sponges in the syringe immediately block blood flow and exert the pressure required to stop the bleeding.

The syringe can be used to control severe bleeding from the areas where a tourniquet, a widely-used encircling bandage, cannot be placed such as groin or armpit. The device can work for up to four hours which is a sufficient time for a patient to rush to hospital and receive surgical treatment. When injection is used on wound, the sponge expands and fills the wound cavity, creating a temporary barrier to blood flow. But it cannot be used in parts of the chest, abdomen, pelvis or tissue above the collarbone.

The FDA approval could be promising step to cut down gunshot related deaths in United States. According to Gun Violence Archive, there have been 49,095 incidents of gun violence in US in 2015, which resulted in 25,105 injuries and 12,430 deaths.

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Hira Bashir covers daily affairs around the world.

 

 

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