Teresensis’ Bromeliad Tree Frog Located In Brazil

Posted: Dec 10 2015, 3:23am CST | by , Updated: Dec 10 2015, 8:59pm CST, in News | Latest Science News

Teresensis’ Bromeliad Tree Frog located in Brazil
A new tree frog species, Dendropsophus bromeliaceus, spends its tadpole stage in pooled water that collects in bromeliad plants in the Brazilian Atlantic forest, according to a study published Dec. 9, 2015 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Rodrigo Ferreira from the Utah State University and Universidade Vila Velha and colleagues. Credit: Ferreira et al.
  • Teresensis’ Bromeliad Tree Frog located in the Land of Brazil

The Teresensis’ bromeliad is a small tree frog that has been located in the land of Brazil. This frog spends its tadpole stage in pooled rainwater trapped in plant leaves.

A tree frog species in Brazil lives its tadpole stage in a pool of water that stagnates in the bromeliad plant. This is located in the Brazilian rain forest. PLOS ONE journal reported the finding of the study on December 9, 2015. This study is conducted by Rodrigo Ferreira from the Utah State University and Universidade Vila Velha and colleagues.

The tree frog’s molecular information matched with other frogs as the scientists found in the end. However, it is an altogether new species. It belongs to the Dendropsophus genus.

Scientists have named it the Dendropsophus bromeliaceus or Teresensis’ bromeliad tree frog. The Teresensis in the name comes from the municipality of Santa Teresa, Brazil, where the frog was found in the first place.

There were about 96 other related species that had a link – directly or indirectly – with the Teresensis’ bromeliad tree frog. This particular species can be differentiated from the rest based on its diminutive size, a frame-like colored motif on the rear side and short webbing between certain toes.

There are other qualities that separate this tree frog from the others too but they don’t need any going into. The tadpoles of this species differ because they reach maturation while immersed in rainwater. The rainwater is meanwhile stored in the bromeliad plant.

The tightly overlapping leaves of the bromeliad plant serve as a receptacle for the rainwater in which this species of tree frog develops. Thus the process of development does not occur in water collected in ponds or in puddles.

This particular species seems to have formed a symbiotic relationship with the special bromeliad plant. Such tree frogs may follow the territorial imperative and furthermore show caring behavior in case of the males. The discovery of this new tree frog shows that the region is a favorite haunt where other frogs find survival to be a cinch as well.

Many times it happens that in case of ecological niches we find a perfect setup between two species. The whole of Nature is filled with such examples of different species being dependent upon each other in both food webs and mutual aid.

The birds picking food from the teeth of alligators is one fine instance of such symbiosis. And the remoras that attach themselves to sharks are another perfect example of this sort of behavior.

Animals tend to find a balanced environment that suits them best and it contains the ideal quality and quantity of flora and fauna for them to flourish. Such is Nature’s workshop which never stops working for even a single second.

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<a href="/latest_stories/all/all/20" rel="author">Sumayah Aamir</a>
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