Arctic Air Warmest Since 1900

Posted: Dec 16 2015, 4:28am CST | by , Updated: Dec 16 2015, 10:21pm CST, in News | Latest Science News

 
Arctic Air Warmest Since 1900
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  • Temperatures sharply rising in the Arctic as compared to the Rest of the World

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According to a report, temperatures are sharply rising in the Arctic as compared to the rest of the world.

The regions in the Arctic are warming at a rate that is twice that of the rest of the Global Village. This has a wide-ranging effect on climate, world-wide security and commercial and trade ties.

This year alone, the temperatures in the Arctic were higher than usual. Many loci had the mercury going 2 degrees Fahrenheit higher than the average temperature. This is at a peak point since the recording of the air temperatures began more than a century ago.

The Arctic Report Card is a useful heuristic tool that points towards transformations in the region. Also the effects these changes have on business cycles, community welfare and individuals spread throughout the planet are noteworthy.

Increasing sea and surface air temperatures were solid facts as well. And so was the spreading influence of ice sheet mass and sea ice. Notable were the erratic behavior of fish and walrus in the area.

“Now in its 10th year, the Arctic Report Card is a key tool to understanding changes in the Arctic and how those changes may affect communities, businesses, and people around the world,” said NOAA Chief Scientist Dr. Rick Spinrad, during a press conference today at the annual American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting in San Francisco.

“The Arctic is warming twice as fast as other parts of the planet, which has ramifications for global security, climate, commerce, and trade. This year’s report shows the importance of international collaboration on sustained, long-term observing programs that provide insights to inform decisions by citizens, policymakers, and industry.”

Sea ice coverage was at the lowest possible level since 1979. The previous September recording was very low too. In fact it was the fourth lowest since its inception.

The lower rates of sea ice is a hazard for many Arctic species. Walruses are one of those animals that are dependent upon sea ice for their courtship rituals and reproductive functions.

Recently, walruses have been getting stranded on land due to this change in climatic conditions. In Alaska, they have been gathering in massive numbers on the shores.

The young of the species are especially prone to die due to being caught up in the ensuing stampede. Poachers are another problem that just won’t go away. Walrus numbers have fallen to half their original strength.

Fish species such as halibut and cod have moved further north in search of colder climes. Fishermen and marine mammals depending on the fish have been left high and dry.

The Arctic region is being carefully monitored and experts from over 10 nations are doing their jobs in this regard. Something must be done fast about global warming. That is because the melting of the polar ice caps spells trouble for the world’s weather conditions.

Tsunamis, floods and other tempestuous results are normal fare if we are not careful as human beings. Our throwaway society with its intensive use of fossil fuels may have to pay a higher than usual price for its profligate ways.

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<a href="/latest_stories/all/all/20" rel="author">Sumayah Aamir</a>
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