Fastest Hurricane Winds In Universe Discovered

Posted: Mar 31 2016, 4:04am CDT | by , Updated: Mar 31 2016, 11:17pm CDT, in News | Latest Science News

 
Fastest hurricane winds in universe discovered
Photo credit: Sciencenews.org

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Winds surrounding a black hole in quasar are moving at 20% of the speed of light.

11 billion light years away lies a galaxy nickmnamed J0230 with quasar in it's centre. Inside of quasar is a black hole. Like any other black hole it has matter orbiting around it.

What is special about this quasar and black hole is the speed at which matter orbits the black hole. The speed is 200 million kilometres per hour, researchers reported in the March 21 Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. This speed beats previous record holder, a quasar designated PG2302+029, by about 14 million kilometres per hour.

At this speed trip around earth would take 0.7 seconds. A trip to the Moon would take 6.9 seconds. These winds are about 625,000 times as fast as the fastest observed hurricane winds on Earth.

Winds get their energy from radiation emited by the blazing disk of detritus surrounding supermassive black hole, which has mass of 2.2 billion times as mass of the Sun.

It has a glow the same as 22 trillion suns. The glow comes from gases slamming together while orbiting the black hole. Gases get exited and their electrons create high energy light visible in the ultraviolet spectrum and as Gama rays.

Winds created by this quasar are able to affect entire of it's galaxy. It is strong enough to shut down star-forming factories by removing gases from it and sending them to inter-galaxy space.

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<a href="/latest_stories/all/all/60" rel="author">Josip Karega</a>
Josip holds a BSc in Physics and his motivation is to make science news easy to understand.

 

 

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