World’s Largest Neutrino Telescope Is In The Pipeline

Posted: Jun 24 2016, 5:26am CDT | by , Updated: Jun 24 2016, 6:16am CDT, in News | Latest Science News

World’s Largest Neutrino Telescope is in the Works
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  • KM3NeT unveils detailed plans for World’s Largest Neutrino Telescope

The plans are definitely in the pipeline for the world’s largest neutrino telescope.

KM3Net is a European joint effort that plans to deploy cubed arrays of neutrino detectors close to the Mediterranean coastal region. The details of the project include the objectives and costs that are existent.

Neutrinos are subatomic particles that are the ideal conveyors of the universe. They show stability and can trek for lengthy distances without any interference from matter or magnetic fields of any kind.

The detection of neutrinos is a prized occurrence for physicists. That is because their presence shows the conditions during the early evolution of our cosmos.

Their study, appeared in the Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, could aid mankind in making a whole lot of progress in the field of atomic physics. Yet there is a slight hitch in the process.

The weak interactivity between neutrinos and matter has both its positive points as well as its drawbacks. Merely detecting them is a very difficult and tall order.

You need a giant receptive instrument of sorts to discover neutrinos. Building such a large detector is not an easy task. A massive area has to be allocated to the job of detecting neutrinos.

This massive site has to be further modified into a converter target. A neutrino normally collides with an atomic nucleus to produce various charged particles.

Once these particles move through the medium they create Cherenkov light. This is the blue light generated by nuclear reactors. The Cherenkov light is finally detected by a 3D array of photosensitive plates.

It is a great relief that our planet comes in handy in bringing down the otherwise astronomical costs of this project. The deep waters of the Mediterranean are most suitable for such a venture. The waters are free and relatively transparent to Cherenkov light.

At a depth of several kilometers, all signs of light vanish. The optical modules for KM3Net can be placed there for optimal detection purposes. This neutrino telescope, which is the largest of its kind in the world, can then be put to use on a 24/7 basis.

The building of this huge megastructure at the bottom of the Mediterranean will be cost-effective. The building blocks and strings which will be used in the making of this neutrino detector will be laid out in a stepwise fashion. The puzzle that is the early universe will soon be revealed to science and scientists thanks to this scheme of things.

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<a href="/latest_stories/all/all/20" rel="author">Sumayah Aamir</a>
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