Vaginal Ring Protects Women Against HIV

Posted: Jul 19 2016, 8:22am CDT | by , Updated: Jul 19 2016, 8:25am CDT, in News | Latest Science News

Vaginal Ring Protects Women Against HIV
The monthly dapivirine ring, developed by the International Partnership for Microbicides, is the first vaginal ring shown to safely and effectively deliver an ARV drug to prevent HIV infection. The ring provides sustained-release of dapivirine locally to the site of potential infection during vaginal sex with minimal absorption elsewhere in the body. Women insert the product themselves. Credit: Andrew Loxley

A vaginal ring has been shown to ward off HIV in females who use it on a regular basis.

The AIDS 2016 Conference was convened to lay down certain prophylactic rules and regulations that might come in handy in warding off the chances of contracting HIV.

Among the many precautions, dapivirine vaginal rings developed by the International Partnership for Microbicides (IPM) were lauded as the ideal means of preventing viral infections in females. The only thing was that they had to be employed on a consistent basis for the protective factor to remain a constant.

Two studies-- The Ring Study, led by IPM, and ASPIRE, led by the U.S. National Institutes of Health-funded Microbicide Trials Network (MTN) -- were conducted regarding this vaginal ring. Its use in developing countries is especially crucial in the prevention of AIDS.

This ring reduces HIV-1 infections by 31% or 27%. This was in contrast to a placebo. For those women who used the ring with consistency, the rate of protection from the deadly disease shot up to 56%. Some researchers even found a prophylactic effect that went up to a whopping 75%.

These statistics need to be verified with additional studies that will be carried out in the future. Apparently, a deep relationship exists between the use of this vaginal ring and immunity from the dreaded HIV infection.

As a tool for women who want to live their lives in accordance with their own rules, dapivirine cannot be surpassed. This vaginal ring has yet to receive full approval from the medical establishment.

Advanced research and analysis is going on to find the exact mechanism through which this ring works its magic. A prophylactic measure among women has always been a cherished goal of HIV research since times immemorial. With this ring, we are a step closer to this praiseworthy objective.

HIV is spreading like wildfire among the women of sub-Saharan Africa. Although progress has been made in the discovery of drugs that attempt to mitigate the symptoms of the illness, still there has been little in the way of decisively conquering the disease.

Six out of every 10 adults are infected with HIV in this region of Africa. The vaginal ring is the first such device to spell a mini-victory over the AIDS virus. Women ought to have every means of escaping the scourge of AIDS and this ring will go a long way in ensuring their success in this regard.

Sometime in the near future, AIDS will have become a disease of the past like malaria and the black plague have been vanquished in the modern world of today.

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<a href="/latest_stories/all/all/20" rel="author">Sumayah Aamir</a>
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