A brain simulator from Stanford University is meant to facilitate surgeons in their job. It especially simulates brain swelling thereby lending surgeons a chance to practice their profession in a safe and secure manner.
Surgery is older than we moderns normally take it to be. Since eons surgeons have removed parts of the skull from patients whose brains suffered from some form of trauma.
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Even prehistoric man drilled holes in the skull in the belief that such a practice would allow the evil spirits to escape. Apparently, the sufferers lived despite the delicacy of such an operation in those primitive times.
However, now we have a novel simulation tool that a group of experts from Stanford University and Oxford have managed to create. It allows the procedure to be practiced beforehand and thus everything is made safer and more secure.
The method that is employed is used to operate on a trauma that is termed decompressive craniectomy. This is a brain swelling and the patient’s brain is allowed to take up space thereby saving the person after the head trauma.
Nevertheless, there are complications involved in the process. When the brain oozes out of a hole in the skull, some of the axons stretch and break. This could prove to be quite problematic.
Yet this novel tool-of-the-trade can decrease the chances of damage. It guides the surgeons in their efforts to cut a hole and make it fit the right proportions. It all ultimately depends on the type of trauma.
Brain scans of the patients were studied in an in-depth manner in order to achieve this razor-sharp accuracy in neurosurgery. Different types of brain trauma were classified.
Then how these injuries would affect different parts of the delicate organ that is the brain were calculated. Once all this was taken into view, the program was run in the usual manner of a simulator.
The vulnerable parts of the brain were colored red, those that had suffered less trauma were colored green and the mildest damage areas were colored blue.
Thus the surgeons now had a visual guide to help them in their real-life surgical efforts. While this methodology is a very helpful schemata, in reality anything could go wrong.
Reality is very complex and ten thousand factors enter the equation. So surgeons will have to practice their healing art till they have honed it to a razor blade. Only then will decompressive craniectomy become a cinch.
The findings of this research got published in Physical Review Letters.