Sexually Transmitted Diseases Hit Record High In U.S.

Posted: Oct 19 2016, 11:10pm CDT | by , in News | Latest Science News

 
Sexually Transmitted Diseases Hit Record High in U.S.
Credit: CDC

More cases of common sexually transmitted diseases were reported last year than ever before, CDC reports

Sexually transmitted diseases continue to rise in United States.

Combined cases of Chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis – three of the most common sexually transmitted diseases – have reached a record high in the year 2015, according to the latest report from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

In the 2015, a sharp rise was seen in sexually transmitted disease or STD compared with the previous year. There were roughly 1.5 million cases of Chlamydia reported in 2015. That’s the highest number of any disease ever reported to CDC in a single year. Nearly 400,000 reported cases of gonorrhea and nearly 24,000 cases of syphilis also contributed to an unprecedented rise in STDs rate.

The biggest uptick was observed in syphilis cases with a rise of 19 percent compared with the last year, followed by 13 percent gonorrhea cases and almost 6 percent syphilis cases.

“Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) have long been an underestimated opponent in the public health battle. Across the nation, at any given time, there are more than 110 million total (new and existing) infections.”Study mentions.

An estimated 20 million new cases of STD are reported in United States each year and almost half of those cases involved young people age 14 to 24 years. STDs can lead to devastating health consequences. For instance, syphilis can cause miscarriage, stillbirth, blindness and stroke.

Besides young people, gay and bisexual man accounts for the majority of the cases of gonorrhea and syphilis. The numbers could be even higher as many of cases of STDs go undiagnosed and unreported.

Generally, STDs are treated by antibiotics. But in recent years, some strains of gonorrhea are becoming drug-resistant or continue to thrive in the presence of an antibiotic. Drug’s inability to effectively control or kill bacteria could be one of the reasons behind STDs sharp increase. Another probable reason is budget cuts. Recently, more than half of state and local STD programs have reduced their budgeted expenditures. As a result of it, more than 20 health department STD clinics were closed in single year.

“STD rates are rising, and many of the country's systems for preventing STDs have eroded,” said Dr. Jonathan Mermin, director of CDC's National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention. “We must mobilize, rebuild and expand services -- or the human and economic burden will continue to grow.”

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