Jacuzzi Of Despair: A Massive Brine Pool Kills Everything That Swims Into It

Posted: Nov 2 2016, 12:06am CDT | by , Updated: Nov 2 2016, 12:16am CDT , in Latest Science News


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Jacuzzi of Despair: A Massive Brine Pool Kills Everything that Swims into it
This high-resolution map of the Jacuzzi of Despair brine pool was created from approximately 2,000 color images. Credit: The Oceanography Society

The 'deadpool' lies in the bottom of the Gulf of Mexico and contains water that is four or five times saltier than the surrounding seawater

An unsual, hostile world lies deep inside the Gulf of Mexico and it kills almost every creature that ventures into it.

Dubbed the “Jacuzzi of Despair,” the massive circular super-salty brine was discovered in 2014. It is about 100 feet in circumference and sets more than 3,000 feet below the surface of the Gulf of Mexico.

The brine pool contains dense water that is up to five times saltier than the surrounding seawater. Since the pool is lying in the bottom of the sea, it has formed a complex mixture of toxic chemicals including methane gas and hydrogen sulfide, which has turned it into an real undersea deadpool.

In March 2016, NOAA researchers have explored The Gulf of Mexico using Exploration Vessel Nautilus and revealed the details of the strange, inhospitable world, alongside many other amazing discoveries.

“On the last leg of these seafloor hydrocarbon community investigations, we focused on a larger brine pool dubbed the “Jacuzzi of Despair,” in reference to its warm temperature (19°C) and high salt content—which can be fatal to many macrofauna unlucky enough to fall in (we observed large dead isopods and crabs that had been preserved along the edge of the brine pool).

“This crater-like, circular, brine-filled pool rose 3 m above the surrounding seafloor, and brine was spilling out on one side in a spectacular “waterfall.” Study says.

One of the main purposes of visiting the brine was to create high resolution maps of the place. Detailed mapping of seafloor is essential for understanding the features and the characteristics of an ocean’s environment. During the survey, researchers had also spotted two locations within the pool where methane bubbles were seen rising toward the surface.

The pool brine has become a prime target of scientific research ever since its discovery. Researchers are still returning to the place and having a closer look at this amazing world.

“Our preliminary analyses confirmed that this brine pool was saturated with methane.” Authors wrote in the study last year.

“Ongoing analysis of this experimental spectral data, together with high-resolution three-dimensional mapping, will provide a more detailed picture of the physical and biogeochemical processes at work in these extreme environments. This information helps us to estimate the amount and extent of microbial processes occurring in such environments and to better understand how these ecosystems are initially formed, how they change over time and what controls the differences among them that we observed on these and other expeditions.”

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<a href="/latest_stories/all/all/47" rel="author">Hira Bashir</a>
The latest discoveries in science are the passion of Hira Bashir (). With years of experience, she is able to spot the most interesting new achievements of scientists around the world and cover them in easy to understand reporting.




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