Gene Editing Starts To Save Human Lives

Posted: Dec 15 2016, 5:01am CST | by , in News | Latest Science News

 

Gene Editing Starts to Save Human Lives
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  • Gene Editing may Prove to Be a Life Saver
 

Gene editing may indeed prove to be a life saver. Testing the biotechnology on human beings has already begun.

Last year, a small girl named Layla was provided with gene-edited immune cells. These managed to eradicate all evidence of leukemia which she had. Thus her normally fatal disease was eliminated without any hassles.

Layla’s treatment was just an individual case. Gene editing could save dozens of lives. It entails changing or allowing certain genes to go out of order. This used to be very hard to do. Yet now thanks to advanced methods, it is a cinch.    

The tools required for gene editing took many years of back-breaking labor to perfect. Yet with CRISPR technology, the operation which Layla underwent was over in a matter of a few weeks.

CRISPR is such a fantastic method that its preliminary trials have already begun in China. A gene of the immune cells involved in cancer expression has been disabled thanks to this biotechnology.

This is the PD-1 gene. The edited cells are re-injected into the patient’s frame. The off switch is flipped and so it is a case of saying goodbye to cancer! 

A trial of this will start in the United States soon, according to NewScientist. It is on a much larger scale. This involves adding another gene that allows the immune cells to fight tumors.

However, this method does not work well for solid tumors just yet. It needs some fine-tuning. Gene editing techniques may also be used to treat ophthalmological issues in the future.

Other diseases such as cystic fibrosis may be a thing of the past too thanks to gene editing. All of the changes occur at the genetic level.

As DNA is snipped and then put together again, it is literally cured of any anomalies that Mother Nature may have left in it. This is a sign that culture is coming of age in the 21st century. 

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<a href="/latest_stories/all/all/20" rel="author">Sumayah Aamir</a>
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