Diabetes Research: New Breakthroughs And Advancements

Posted: Mar 18 2017, 6:38am CDT | by , in News | Latest Science News

 

Diabetes Research: The Latest Discoveries and Treatments
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Diabetes is a chronic disorder characterized by elevated blood glucose levels and the body’s inability to produce sufficient quantities of insulin to combat it. Over time the elevated levels of glucose in the blood stream damage several tissues and cells resulting in other biochemical complications such as heart diseases, stroke, and kidney problems.

Heart disease began in the 1930s, obesity hit the US for the first time in the 1970s and diabetes rates really shot up in the 1990s. It is a disease of civilization like the other two previous examples. The causes may range from stress to genetic proneness all the way to a diet of refined carbohydrates. Yet with all the scientific arsenal at our disposal, we are fast approaching novel treatments for this curse of a disease.

According to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) the number of people in the world with diabetes will rise to 642 million by the year 2040. Diabetes research is mainly focused towards the methods of either prevention or management after diabetes has manifested in individuals. Some of the current advances in the field of diabetes include findings by:

Whole Body Vibration Helps Fight Diabetes

Vibrating platforms are good for obese and diabetic patients. If these patients spend 20 minutes on these platforms for a period of three months they will see reductions in their body fat levels and insulin resistance. The experiment took place in a lab setting and employed rodents as test animals.

Apparently, there is more to obesity than mere weight and calories in and calories out. Inflammation and movement are very important components of the equation. Whether morbidly obese and diabetic patients ran on a treadmill, walked on it or stood on a vibrating platform, they reaped the benefits. The body thus thrives on activity even if it is vicarious and passive in nature.

Cholesterol-Lowering Statins Raise the Risk of Diabetes

Elderly females that were prescribed statins tended to contract diabetes as a side effect of these drugs. Statins, as everybody knows, lower cholesterol. They also reduce incidences of CV disease such as heart attack and stroke. The research had been carried out on males in their senescent years up until now.

Now that older females have also been studied, we know that a high dosage of statins leads to diabetes and several other complications. Thus physicians and their female patients ought to be very careful regarding the prescription and intake of statins respectively.

New Tool in Diabetes Research Developed

A 3D imaging of the pancreas will enable diabetes research and a possible cure in the near future. The pancreas contains a large number of spots known as the Islets of Langerhans. These secrete insulin which is a very important hormone. It regulates blood sugar. When insulin levels are out of whack or the tissues are resistant to them, the individual contracts diabetes.

Up until now, 2D imaging was the norm but now 3D images of the pancreas are possible thanks to a new tool. This is termed OPT or optical projection tomography. It is like a CT scan but it uses light rays instead of X-rays. This methodology will allow the non-invasive treatment and analysis of diabetes in the times to come.

3 Hours a Day in Front of TV or iPad Raise Diabetes Risk in Kids

Kids who used electronic devices tend to increase their chances of contracting diabetes. The boys were more prone to spend their leisure time watching TV and surfing the Internet rather than the girls and hence were more susceptible to the disease.

Not only did the adipose tissue show signs of increasing among the children but also their glucose levels, blood pressure and insulin resistance status were all topsy turvy thanks to extended screen time. While adults had been studied up until now, the research on kids show that intervention in lifestyle has to begin early in order to prevent the chances of contracting type 2 diabetes later on. 

Air Pollution Causes Diabetes

Scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum München institute found air pollution may be one of the culprits behind causing diabetes. The findings were reported in the journal Diabetes. According to the researchers bad quality of air inside residences can be a risk factor for the development of insulin resistance, which is the precursor stage of diabetes as the body is unable to use up insulin properly.

As the lead researcher Dr. Kathrin Wolf stated, the environmental pollution is particularly critical for people with an impaired glucose metabolism also defined as ‘pre-diabetics’. The blood markers of such vulnerable individuals show the increased presence of air pollutants greatly disturbs their insulin metabolism. So air pollution is also a cause of diabetes. 

HIV Increases Risk of Diabetes

Another research published in the journal BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Caresuggests individuals infected with HIV have a greater risk of developing diabetes. Individuals with HIV are more susceptible to developing diabetes even in the absence of key factors such as obesity. The research derived the number of people infected with HIV have 4% higher rate of developing diabetes than in the general population.

Other factors taken into account included age, CD4 count and even economic status. The researchers implied the poor state of the immune system along with low economic status of the individuals with HIV makes them more vulnerable to developing diabetes than normal individuals. 

Beta Cells may be Responsible for Type I Diabetes

A study led by researchers at the City of Hope Institute in the US, has found beta cells may actually be causing the immune system to react in a way to lead to Type I Diabetes. The study published in the journal Nature Medicine is challenging the older established views the scientific community has on the cause of type I diabetes.

It is currently believed damage to the insulin-producing beta cells present in the pancreas is the main cause of type I diabetes. The beta cells are believed to be attacked by the immune system as a result of malfunction. However the new findings suggest it’s not the immune system malfunction leading to type I diabetes but the beta cells itself are signaling the immune system to destroy it.

It is possible the ‘unhappy’ beta cells may release a mistaken distress call signal to the immune cells which then destroy the cells in the same manner of cancer cell destruction. The results were further substantiated by the finding people undergoing immunotherapy are more prone to develop diabetes. 

Gluten-Free Diet may be Causing Type II Diabetes

The American Heart Association recently revealed a diet higher in gluten may not lead to but in actuality prevents the formation of type II diabetes. The AHA study revealed people who eat lower amounts of gluten are also susceptible to receiving lower amounts of cereal fiber. Since cereal fiber is a protective factor in the development of type II diabetes, gluten free diets may lead to an increased risk of disease manifestation.

Resveratrol may Treat Diabetes in Future

In one of the most dramatic findings the researchers at the University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry, found antioxidants may be the future of diabetes treatment. Feeding the antioxidant ‘Resveratrol’ which is found in plants to obese mice for a period of 6 weeks can dramatically change their gut bacteria make up which lead to improved glucose tolerance. 

Diabetes Has No Links to Sitting

New research shows that sitting is not as bad as we think. In the past, the diabetes was liked to too much sitting. But, new research from university of Sydney shows the opposite. Most people consider sitting bad like smoking, and think it’s harmful to health.

Read more here.

Taking 12 Grams of Butter Daily Can Increase the Risk of Diabetes

Saturated animal fats are risky for health and can cause type 2 diabetes Doctors and researchers now suggest that people should take plant based diet, including legumes, whole grain cereals, fruits and vegetables rather than animal based diet like red meat or pastries. Evidences show that plant based food is good for health and doesn’t much affect the environment.

Read more here.

Apple-Shaped People at Higher Risk of Diabetes

It is a hard fact of science that apple-like fat on the belly and chest could increase chances of becoming a diabetic for many individuals. Research proves that having an apple-shaped body (instead of a pear-shaped one) could predispose people to cardiac disease and type 2 diabetes. Thus one’s genetic code may determine the onset of such degenerative diseases of civilization.

Read more here.

Fasting Diet may Reverse Diabetes

Fasting-like diet promotes the growth of new insulin-producing pancreatic cells that can replace dysfunctional ones and stabilize blood glucose. In the latest study, researchers have discovered that a scientifically designed fasting diet can trigger the growth of healthy pancreas to replace the damaged ones. Thus, restore the pancreas function and stabilize blood glucose. This fasting-like diet has been tested on mice and it has shown some promising results.

Read more here.

Schizophrenia Increases Diabetes Risk

People who have a case of early schizophrenia are at a risk of contracting diabetes. Even when the contributing factors of medicine, nutrition and exertion are subtracted, this fact remains constant. Schizophrenia causes a low quality of life and most patients normally live uptil 30 years of age. This is due to the physical ailments that afflict them after their bout with schizophrenia.

Read more here.

Miraculous Treatment for Diabetes

A bacteria-killing protein is present in an area of the body that hardly has anything to do with bacteria. This could be the pancreas, for example. Researchers were confused over this question for awhile.

Then they found that the protein was acting in a certain manner that was hardly expected. It was helping the pancreas regenerate insulin. The study was published in a journal.

Over 400 million people have diabetes on a global level. They ride the blood sugar rollercoaster on a daily basis and have to control this disease via drugs or regular injections.

Sometimes, if the disease is mild, lifestyle choices such as diet and exercise can allay the symptoms. Type 1 diabetes has to do with the immune system which goes awry.

A bacteria-killing protein called CAMP plays a role in this disease. Yet its exact role remains uncertain. The highest levels of the bacteria were found in the gut tissue. However it was also found in the pancreas where it was least expected.

It is apparently produced by the same tissues which makes insulin. Pancreatic function was thus liable to the influence of this bacteria. This points towards the possibility of novel treatments for type 1 and 2 diabetes.  

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<a href="/latest_stories/all/all/20" rel="author">Sumayah Aamir</a>
Sumayah Aamir (Google+) has deep experience in analyzing the latest trends.

 

 

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