Top 5 Conditions That Shorten American's Lives And They’re Preventable

Posted: Apr 25 2017, 6:31am CDT | by , Updated: Apr 25 2017, 8:51pm CDT, in News | Latest Science News

 
Top 5 Conditions that Shorten American's Lives and They’re Preventable
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Obesity kills far earlier than cigarettes and diabetes

Obesity tops the list as the leading cause of early death in the United States. It steals more years than tobacco and any other cause.

Researchers from Cleveland Clinic and New York University School of Medicine have revealed five conditions that shorten American lifespan. After obesity, diabetes is the most likely cause of death. Rounding out the list are tobacco, high blood pressure and high cholesterol. But the good news is that all of these causes are preventable and deaths caused by them could have been avoided.

“Modifiable behavioral risk factors pose a substantial mortality burden in the U.S.," said lead study author Glen Taksler from Cleveland Clinic. “These preliminary results continue to highlight the importance of weight loss, diabetes management and healthy eating in the U.S. population.”

Understanding how many people die each year and why they died is necessary for assessing the overall health of a society and to create a society where people can live as long they possibly can.

To understand the trend in American’s health and the conditions most likely to take lives, researchers analyzed 2014 data and found that modifiable behavioral risk factors contribute heavily to the morality in United States. For example, obesity takes as much as 47 more years of a person’s life than tobacco. Meanwhile, tobacco has the same effect on life span as high blood pressure.

“The reality is, while we may know the proximate cause of a patient’s death, for example, breast cancer or heart attack, we don’t always know the contributing factors, such as tobacco use, obesity, alcohol and family history. For each major cause of death, we identified a root cause to understand whether there was a way a person could have lived longer.” Taksler said.

Preventable risk factors are also an important public health tool to assess the effectiveness of a health system. It allow health officials to set their goals and priorities. By offering preventive services such as counseling on quitting smoking, how to regulate blood pressure and cholesterol levels many deaths can be prevented.

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Hira Bashir covers daily affairs around the world.

 

 

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