NASA’s Juno Mission Reveals New Mysteries At Jupiter

Posted: May 26 2017, 5:22am CDT | by , Updated: May 26 2017, 5:33am CDT, in News | Latest Science News

 
NASA’s Juno Mission Reveals New Mysteries at Jupiter
Left Image Credit: NASA, ESA and J. Nichols (Uni. of Leicester). Right image shows Jupiter’s south pole, as seen by NASA’s Juno from an altitude of 32,000 miles (52,000 kilometers). The oval features are cyclones, up to 600 miles (1,000 kilometers) in diameter. Multiple images taken with the JunoCam instrument on three separate orbits were combined to show all areas in daylight, enhanced color, and stereographic projection. Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech/SwRI/MSSS/Betsy Asher Hall/Gervasio Robles
  • This image combines an image taken with Hubble Space Telescope in the optical (taken in spring 2014) and observations of its auroras in the ultraviolet, taken in 2016.

NASA’s Juno mission has revealed what was previously unknown about the planet Jupiter.

Novel observations regarding the extreme weather and magnetic patterns of Jupiter have been forthcoming thanks to the NASA Juno mission. Juno made its first close-up observation on 27th August, 2016.

The spacecraft flew from the northern region to the southern area. It entered the radiation belts of Jupiter. Telescopes from both the earth and space were used in synch with the Juno science group. The weather trends and aurorae of Jupiter were gauged via this methodology.

Jupiter holds quite a few surprises for everyone. At least that is what the results show. Jupiter’s polar aurorae were gauged thoroughly. Electric currents join the polar upper atmosphere to Jupiter’s field and plasma at lengthy distances.

Some of the predictions were outmatched by the results. The effect of the solar wind on the aurorae was observed. Intense bursts of energy were seen in the aurorae. The overall data showed certain patterns which were quite interesting.

The bands of Jupiter were something which got noticed by the astronomers too. Scientists have been forced to revise their previous views regarding Jupiter thanks in no small part to this novel research effort.

The first close flyby made by the Juno spacecraft was termed the “perijove”. The spacecraft dived 4000 km into the nitty gritty atmosphere of Jupiter. The aurorae seemed to erupt in a firework display upon the arrival of the spacecraft.

Several papers have been submitted by the scientists regarding these new discoveries about the largest planet in the solar system. Jupiter’s magnetosphere is very potent and not shielded from the Sun or the solar wind.

The exploration of the clouds and layers of Jupiter revealed that our erstwhile knowledge of the planet was sparse indeed. Further observation of the planet will yield novel data that may shock us by its revealing nature.

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