Scientists Discover A New State Of Matter By Creating An Atom Full Of Atoms

Posted: Feb 27 2018, 7:48am CST | by , in News | Latest Science News

Scientists Discover a New State of Matter by Creating An Atom Full of Atoms
The electron (blue) orbits the nucleus (red) - and its orbit encloses many other atoms of the Bose-Einstein-condensate (green). Photo Credit: TU Wien

Physicists Filled an Atom with Other Atoms and thus Manufactured a Exotic State of Matter known as Rydberg polarons

A team of physics researchers have managed to make a new state of matter called Rydberg Polarons. This special type of material reality occurs at very cold temperatures.

The electrons start orbiting their nuclei at greater and greater distances. Thus novel atoms gets stuck in the center within the reach of the orbit. So a weak bond is formed and it is termed a Rydberg Polaron.

Yet one must ask the question that how is all this even possible. Take a couple of strontium atoms, freeze them to an extremely cold degree and get one of them in an excited state.

A weird thing then happens. This excited atom will form a sort of weak bond with the other atoms. This is not just like the habit of children where they see how many grapes they can fit in their mouth and gobble up as fast as possible.

In fact, this experiment shows how many particles behave at such cold temperatures. It goes into the fundamental nature of matter. While there is some truth to the planetary model of the atom, in fact the electrons do not spin around like moons and planetoids. They form a cloud of sorts.

Yet that cloud sits at distance from the center of the atom. Scientists had long surmised that whether an entire atom (or atoms) could be fit in that large space between the electrons and the nucleus of the atom.

In order to test this hypothesis, scientists conducted Bose-Einstein condensate studies and managed to do what was thought to be impossible.

Provided enough heat is suctioned out of the surroundings, atoms tend to lose their firm nature. They may then accommodate new atoms in their basic structures. It is very strange yet that is the premise of science that truth is stranger than fiction.

A team of researchers from TU Wien (Vienna, Austria) and the USA has now presented this state of matter in the journal Physical Review Letters. The theoretical work for this research was done at TU Wien (Vienna) and Harvard University while the experiment was performed at Rice University in Houston (Texas).

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