Scientists Reveal The Roadmap To Colonizing Mars

Posted: Sep 12 2018, 10:34am CDT | by , Updated: Sep 12 2018, 10:39am CDT, in Latest Science News


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Scientists Reveal the Roadmap to Colonzing Mars
Artist view of a research base on Mars. Credit: Claudio Leonardi/EPFL

Researchers suggest that poles would be the most logical place to set up a research base on Mars.

Swiss reseachers have mapped out a step-by-step strategy to build a self-sustaining base on Mars. The base on Red Planet will be habitable for long term and will provide a safe place for humans to live and conduct research on Mars.

Space agencies and private companies are planning to send humans to Mars in the next decade. If humans do make it to Mars, a major challenge will be to find a location for a base. According to EPFL scientists, the poles would be the most logical place to set up a research base as well as colony on Mars.

The poles of Mars have huge ice caps that are similar to Earth's. These polar layered deposits are composed primarily of water ice and dust. Being able to access water sources could help humans survive on Mars.

“The poles may pose more challenges in the beginning, but they are the best location for the long term since they harbor natural resources that we may be able to use. We wanted to develop a strategy based on technologies that have been selected accordingly and outline a test scenario so that 20 years from now, astronauts will be able to carry out this kind of space mission.” Lead author Anne-Marlene Rüede from Space Technology at EPFL's Space Engineering Center, said.

EPFL is also planning to send a manned mission to Mars' north pole during the polar summer. The ambitious plan would take place in two phases. First, robots will reach the Red Planet and construct a living space for the future crew. The structure will consist of a central core, capsules and a dome covered with a three-meter thick layer of ice. In the second phase of the mission, a six-man crew will arrive at Mars and spend around 300 days in that Igloo-like structure that will protect humans against radiation and stabilize the pressure inside. A crane system will also orbit around Mars and act like a vehicle docking system similar to that of International Space Station. The crane will be powered by fuel on Mars.

“We would need to conduct an initial mission to try everything out for the first time,” said Anne-Marlene Rüede. “And the better that initial mission is thought out, the faster we will be able to get things going and move on to colonization.”

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<a href="/latest_stories/all/all/47" rel="author">Hira Bashir</a>
The latest discoveries in science are the passion of Hira Bashir (). With years of experience, she is able to spot the most interesting new achievements of scientists around the world and cover them in easy to understand reporting.




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