Colorful Neon Fish Species Discovered In Atlantic

Posted: Sep 26 2018, 8:53am CDT | by , Updated: Sep 26 2018, 9:01am CDT, in News | Latest Science News

 
Colorful Neon Fish Species Discovered in Atlantic

The vivid pink and yellow fish is the only of its kind ever found in the Atlantic Ocean.

Researchers have discovered a new, ultra-colorful neon fish species in a remote Brazilian archipelago, a rare finding they were very excited about. The vivid pink and yellow fish species, named Tosanoides Aphrodite, was spotted at the depth of 400 feet beneath the ocean's surface. It is named after the Greek goddess of love and beauty and is the only fish of its kind ever found in the Atlantic.

“This is one of the most beautiful fishes I've ever seen,” said Luiz Rocha, an ichthyologist with the California Academy of Sciences. "It was so enchanting it made us ignore everything around it.”

The dazzling, neon fish inhabits the waters of St. Paul's Rocks, which is an isolated archipelago almost in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean. Its twilight zone is incredibly rich in unique species that are found nowhere else on Earth. Twilight zone is the part of the ocean where only a small amount of sunlight reaches and creatures here are exposed to darkness their entire life. Despite living in the really extreme environment, species are able to survive and thrive in the twilight zone reef.

“Fishes from the twilight zone tend to be pink or reddish in color,” said Dr. Hudson Pinheiro who collected the fish for further study in the lab. “Red light doesn't penetrate to these dark depths, rendering the fishes invisible unless illuminated by a light like the one we carry while diving."

The discovery was made using the research vessel M/V Alucia, which is capable of diving to a depth of thousands of meters. Using the vessel, deep-diving research team ventured the mysterious coral habitats stretching across a narrow band of ocean 200 - 500 feet beneath the surface and spotted the unique fish species in late June. The male of Tosanoides aphrodite has pink and yellow stripes while females are outfitted with a solid, blood-orange color. The diving team also found a large sixgill shark swimming directly above them.

“Tosanoides Aphrodite is only known from Saint Paul’s Rocks, off Brazil. It was found on mesophotic coral ecosystems of the island, observed between 100 and 130 m depth while rebreather diving, and a single observation at 260 m depth, taken from a submersible dive. The species inhabits small crevices of complex rocky reefs.” Authors wrote in the study. “The ambient seawater temperature at the collecting depth (~ 120 m) varied between 13 and 15 °C during the two-week period we stayed in the area.”

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<a href="/latest_stories/all/all/47" rel="author">Hira Bashir</a>
The latest discoveries in science are the passion of Hira Bashir (). With years of experience, she is able to spot the most interesting new achievements of scientists around the world and cover them in easy to understand reporting.

 

 

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