New Species Of The First Bird Archaeopteryx Discovered

Posted: Oct 26 2018, 6:27am CDT | by , in Latest Science News

 

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New Species of the First Bird Archaeopteryx Discovered
Reconstruction of Archaeopteryx albersdoerferi by Zhao Chuang under supervision of Martin Kundrát. Reprinted with permission from Zhao Chuang and PNSO, original copyright 2017. Image Credit: Zhao Chuang and PNSO
  • New Species of the World's First Bird Archaeopteryx Discovered as the Missing Link Between Dinosaurs and Birds

Archaeopteryx the First Bird has had a Novel Species that’s been Unearthed

Archaeopteryx is the first bird that came midway in the evolutionary timeline between dinosaurs and avians. It is indeed the missing link and now a new species of this ancient feathered beast has been discovered. It had teeth and claws on its feathered limbs, unlike birds. A lot of research was done on the remains that have been unearthed of this curious creature. They have shown that the skeleton it possessed allowed it to make the necessary adaptations in the transition. A 3D X-ray examination of the fossils showed this with clarity and lucidity.

The fossil that has been unearthed has been named the Archaeopteryx albersdoerferi. This species is at least 400,000 years earlier on the timeline than other variants of this ancient bird-like creature. The half a dozen years worth of research that took place to determine how this species flew in prehistoric times has not gone to waste. It is a novel occurrence since for the very first time, the bones and dental structure of this animal have been put under the microscope by scientists in earnest. The technique used involved looking at the fragmented remains of the bones which was by no means an easy job. Yet it was accomplished thanks to the labor of the lab technicians.

The species has more in common with the modern birds than it does with its dinosaur forebears. Thus its flying skills were par excellence as compared to other species of Archaeopteryx. Among some of the changes noticed in the fossil remains of this creature were: the slight air-packed bones; the fleshy area on the wishbone meant for aviation muscles and strong muscular attachments on the wrists and hands. Also melded bones in the skull and a smaller sample of dental projections was noticed in this species.

This species lends credence to the hypothesis that flight among ancient creatures wasn’t a single event. It occurred in fits and starts and was only perfected by trial and error as is the usual method of evolution. Natural selection is a blind force that is without any particular purpose and only knows progressive change as the sole variable. More study will have to be done on this Archaeopteryx species and its status as the first bird that has the scientists stunned. The species was found in Germany in the early 90s and was examined recently thereby leading to this exciting discovery.

The findings of this study about the discovery of a new species of the famous 'first bird', Archaeopteryx, supporting its status as the missing link the between birds and dinosaurs, has been published by in the journal Historical Biology.

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<a href="/latest_stories/all/all/20" rel="author">Sumayah Aamir</a>
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