Neuroscientist Discovers Previously Hidden Region In Human Brain

Posted: Nov 25 2018, 11:57am CST | by , in News | Latest Science News

 
Neuroscientist Discovers Previously Hidden Region in Human Brain
Credit: NeuRA

The new region is found near the point where brain connects with the spinal cord.

An Australian neuroscientist has discovered a new region of brain that has never been seen in well-studied laboratory animals.

The region now going under the name of Endorestiform Nucleus was first noted around 30 years ago, but it was only recently that its existence was confirmed by researchers. The discovery was made possible by latest staining and imaging techniques.

“There is nothing more enjoyable for a neuroscientist than finding a previously unknown area of the human brain. What is important is that this area is absent in monkeys and other animals. There must be some things that are unique to the human brain beyond its larger size, and this area is probably one of them.” Professor George Paxinos from Neuroscience Research Australia (NeuRA) who suspected the existence of the Endorestiform Nucleus in brain, said in a statement.

The newfound region is located in the lower cerebellum section near the brain-spinal cord junction, which is responsible for integrating sensory and motor information to correct our posture, balance and motor movements.

The discovery represents a revolutionary new understanding of brain’s function and suggests a potential target for treating many diseases including Parkinson’s disease and motor neuron disease.

“Professor Paxinos’ atlases showing detailed morphology and connections of the human brain and spinal cord, provide a critical framework for researchers to test hypotheses from synaptic function to treatments for diseases of the brain.” Professor Peter Schofield, CEO at NeuRA, said.

Humans have extraordinarily large brains which are more than three times larger than our closest living relatives. Not surprisingly its behavior is also complex. If we understand more about how the newly discovered region behaves and interacts, we will know more about how it may affect human’s health.

“What it remains to be done is to determine the function of this newly discovered brain region,” said George Paxinos. “Now that it has been mapped, it will be possible for it to be studied by the wider research community.”

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<a href="/latest_stories/all/all/47" rel="author">Hira Bashir</a>
The latest discoveries in science are the passion of Hira Bashir (). With years of experience, she is able to spot the most interesting new achievements of scientists around the world and cover them in easy to understand reporting.

 

 

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