At UC San Diego's Qualcomm Institute the engineers broke the supposed limits of fiber optic data transmission.
All those people who have been panicking and have been worried that the whole Internet system is going to breakdown once the fiber optic cables max out have no need to worry anymore.
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This is because some engineers on Thursday reported in Science magazine that they have successfully broken the capacity limit for fiber optic transmission and have opened the door to future networks that can carry more data further at cheaper costs.
As the world experiences a collective Internet demand that continues to rise rapidly, electrical engineers have been keeping pace with this demand by upping the signal that passes through the fiber optic cables.
This has allowed the world wide users to send and receive more data faster. However this optical fiber transmission has certain physical limitations. If the users boost the power too much the beams of the laser light that help to carry the data start interfering with one another. This interference ultimately leads to the signal degrade and information is lost.
Now this new breakthrough is relieved the tensions of many people around the world. Experiments were performed at UC San Diego’s Qualcomm Institute the electrical engineers were able to increase the power of optical signals nearly 20 fold.
The engineers were able to decipher the information even after it had traveled a record breaking 7400 miles without the use of costly electronic regenerators. Now in optical fibers the information is basically transferred through carriers that operate across a range of various frequencies.
Moreover as the users beam more laser light through the cables faster the amount of interference that we had previously talked about between these carriers go up. This leads to a situation where the signal becomes so distorted that it can’t be decoded at the other end.
Now in order to break the distortion induced capacity limit these researchers have developed wide-band frequency combs. These frequency combs basically condition streams of information before they are sent out.
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Well there is a lot of work that needs to be done before this development translates into real world Internet improvements. However this breakthrough is an important step toward a future where optical networks carry out data faster and at lower costs than today.