Patients should be allowed to listen music before, during and after surgical procedure, new study suggests
Music has a positive impact on patients. It can contribute in reducing pain and anxiety and can boost recovery after the surgical treatment, a new study suggests.
Researches from Brunel University and Queen Mary College of London systematically reviewed 73 randomized control trials. They recruited more than 7,000 patients who were due to undergo surgery. They found that music can actually help reduce pain when listened before, during and after the surgical procedure.
The patients were allowed listen to the music of their own choice. The timings and duration were also varied among patients. Researchers compared music with headphones with no music, white noise, routine care and undisturbed bed rest. The outcome was encouraging. Music reduced postoperative pain and anxiety. Patients also experienced more satisfaction and needed less pain medication after listening to the music. But it did not made any difference on the length of their stay at hospital. When and what kind of music is listened also affected the outcome a bit. Music was useful when anesthesia has been used and patients were not in their consciousness.
“Music is a non-invasive, safe and cheap intervention that should be available to everyone undergoing surgery.” Dr. Catherin Meads, the lead author of the study said.
“Patients should be allowed to choose the type of music they would like to hear to maximize the benefit to their wellbeing.”
But caution is suggested to be exercised before applying it. Music should not interfere with the medical team’s communication during an operation. It could be dangerous for patient's life and health. There have been incidents reported when nurses struggle to communicate and could not listen properly what equipment was asked during the operation.
The team of researchers is planning to conduct similar research at another hospital to find the effects of music on women having caesarean sections and hysteroscopy.
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The study was published in Lancet.