Obesity, depression, high blood pressure, lifestyle and type 2 diabetes are among those risk factors. Effective intervention can be a key to preventing the disease.
Alzheimer’s is a degenerative memory disease that affects the function of brain and results in cognitive decline. A new research highlights the major risk factors that are linked to the disease.
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According to the research, use of drugs, obesity, depression, high blood pressure, pre-existing diseases (type 2 diabetes arthritis, heart diseases), frailty, smoking and drinking habits, high levels of an amino acid homocysteine and life style are the risk factors that can contribute to two-third of Alzheimer’s cases in the world.
If appropriate steps are taken to minimize or eliminate these factors, the risk of developing Alzheimer’s in later years can be reduced to a great extent.
“The current evidence from our study showed that individuals would benefit from (addressing) the related potentially modifiable risk factors.” Jin-Tai Yu, the lead author of the study said.
For the study, the researchers dug into 323 studies conducted between 1968 and 2014. They reviewed their findings and identified the most common risk factors for the disease. Those studies involved more than 5,000 patients and a total of 93 risk factors were found cited in them.
Alzheimer’s is a brain disorder that comes with age. According to Alzheimer’s Society, every 1 out of 14 people over 65 years of age, fall prey to the disease. An estimated 5.3 million people have Alzheimer’s in United States and the disease in currently incurable.
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The study draws conclusion that “effective interventions in diet, medications, biochemical exposures, psychological condition, pre-existing diseases and lifestyle may decrease new incidence of Alzheimer’s disease.”