A report published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences and funded by the National Institute on Aging (NIA), a group of the National Institutes of Health, reveals that between 1999 to 2013, middle-aged Americans died more from causes such as suicide, drugs, liver diseases, alcohol poisoning, and cirrhosis among others.
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Apart from the rate of death among non-Hispanic whites aged 45-54 years in the US, the study says the level of self-reported declines in mental health, general health, managing chronic pain, inability to work, among other issues was also on the increase among these categories of people.
Anne Case and Angus Deaton of Princeton University used data extracted from the records of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the US Census Bureau, private record sources, and others for their research.
According to the researchers, the rate of mortality among middle-aged whites in America dropped by 2% annually between 1978 to 1998; and this data corresponded to the normal rate of decline in France, Germany, Canada, Australia, Sweden, and the UK among other European nations.
Meanwhile, after 1998, other developed countries continued to recorded a 2% drop in mortality; but that of the US began to rise by half percent per year, starting in 1999, among middle-aged persons.
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The researchers cannot readily explain why this is so, but they think the upped availability of opioid drugs, economic crisis, and other personal troubles could be at the root of rise in suicides, drug and alcohol abuse, liver diseases and other related health problems. This means that middle-aged persons might enter into Medicare under worsened health than others.