Bullying during teen years had devastating effects on victims in later years.
Childhood bullying can lead to health problems in later years, a Canadian study suggests.
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Researchers have found that both physical and mental bullying have devastating effects on the victim and both types of bullying can lead to numerous health issues such as headaches, dizziness, insomnia, back pain, abdomen pain, anxiety, depression and low self-esteem.
For the study, researchers tracked 662 participants between 12 and 19 for a period of just over ten years (2003-2014). There were asked various questions such how often they were shoved by their schoolmates and how often they spread lies about them.
To determine physical symptoms, participants were asked about the health problems such as headache, dizziness and insomnia they are suffering and how often if there are any. They were also asked to rate how proud and uncomfortable they are with their body to assess their body image.
Between 29% and 52% of the boys reported of being physically bullied during their teen years in school while 20% to 29% girls also reported likewise. About 67% of boys and 54% of girls said they were the victims of psychological abuse or taunts while in school. Up to 2% reported of being bullied all the time during school.
Over the course of the study, girls showed more symptoms of physical abuse and had a worse body image than the boys. It was also found that emotional bullying had more negative effects than physical bullying on the health of the kids. Nevertheless, study finds a link between physical and psychological bullying and health problems on both short and long term.
“These health problems, be it depression, anxiety, somatic symptoms or poor self-concepts, can interfere with several life domains including academic and occupational performance, relationship satisfaction, economic success and more severe health outcomes.” Co-author Alanna D. Hager from Metropolitan State University said in a statement.
Bullying is a form of youth violence and a major issue for school going kids. According to stats, about 77% of US kids are being bullied verbally in one way or another including spreading rumors, yelling obscenities and derogatory remarks about race, gender and religion.
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Study co-author Bonnie J. Leadbeater from University of Victoria said. “The study highlights that early adolescence is a sensitive time for the implementation and prevention efforts that can curb trajectories of health problems in youth.”