A new study has found dietary cholesterol from consuming 1 egg per day is not a risk factor of heart diseases.
The University of Eastern Finland recently carried out a study on the intake of dietary cholesterol. The researchers focused on relatively high intake of dietary cholesterol, or eating one egg every day.
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They found consuming eggs is not associated with an elevated risk of coronary heart disease. The findings of the study were published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
Currently nutrition suggestions no longer limit the intake of dietary cholesterol. The number of studies linking intake of dietary cholesterol to an elevated risk of cardiovascular diseases is few.
However many believe the carriers of the apolipoprotein E type 4 allele are affected differently. The allele effects significantly impacts cholesterol metabolism.
So the effect of dietary cholesterol on serum cholesterol levels is believed to be greater in such individuals. The APOE4 phenotype is common among the Finnish population.
The recent study has disregarded the belief claiming no association was found. The study claims dietary cholesterol and cardiovascular diseases in the APOE4 population are unrelated.
The study was carried out on the dietary habits of 1,032 men. The men were between the ages of 42 and 60 years. None of the subjects had baseline diagnosis of a cardiovascular disease.
The subjects were initially assessed in 1984-1989 at the University of Eastern Finland. A follow-up was carried out 21 years later. It was found 230 men had a myocardial infarction.
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While 32.5 % of the study subjects were APOE4carriers. No link was found between eating eggs with thickening of the carotid artery walls. So frequent consumption of eggs does not increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases.